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Synchrotron Radiation Research and Analysis of the Particulate Matter in Deep Ice Cores: An Overview of the Technical Challenges

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Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX110DE, UK
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Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, via Enrico Fermi 40, Frascati, I-00044 Roma, Italy
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Rome International Centre for Material Science Superstripes, RICMASS, via dei Sabelli 119A, I-00185 Rome, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Ambiente e della Terra, Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza, I-20126 Milano, Italy
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Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza, 2, I-20126 Milano, Italy
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Department of Physics, University of Trieste, Via A. Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy
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Department of Physics, Università Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Condens. Matter 2019, 4(3), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/condmat4030061
Received: 26 April 2019 / Revised: 22 June 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 27 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Condensed Matter Researches in Cryospheric Science)
Airborne dust extracted from deep ice core perforations can provide chemical and mineralogical insight into the history of the climate and atmospheric conditions, with unrivalled temporal resolution, time span and richness of information. The availability of material for research and the natural complexity of the particulate, however, pose significant challenges to analytical methods. We present the developments undertaken to optimize the experimental techniques, materials and protocols for synchrotron radiation-based analysis, in particular for the acquisition of combined Synchrotron Radiation X-Ray Fluorescence and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy data. View Full-Text
Keywords: synchrotron radiation; ice core, atmospheric mineral dust; X-ray absorption spectroscopy synchrotron radiation; ice core, atmospheric mineral dust; X-ray absorption spectroscopy
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Cibin, G.; Marcelli, A.; Maggi, V.; Baccolo, G.; Hampai, D.; Robbins, P.E.; Liedl, A.; Polese, C.; D’Elia, A.; Macis, S.; Grilli, A.; Raco, A. Synchrotron Radiation Research and Analysis of the Particulate Matter in Deep Ice Cores: An Overview of the Technical Challenges. Condens. Matter 2019, 4, 61.

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