Next Article in Journal
Redefining Sustainability: From Self-Determination to Environmental Autonomy
Previous Article in Journal
Matching a Trope Ontology to the Basic Formal Ontology
Open AccessEssay

Conversational Systems in Machine Learning from the Point of View of the Philosophy of Science—Using Alime Chat and Related Studies

Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, EISLAB, Machine Learning Group, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Philosophies 2019, 4(3), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies4030041
Received: 25 June 2019 / Revised: 15 July 2019 / Accepted: 18 July 2019 / Published: 23 July 2019
  |  
PDF [190 KB, uploaded 23 July 2019]

Abstract

This essay discusses current research efforts in conversational systems from the philosophy of science point of view and evaluates some conversational systems research activities from the standpoint of naturalism philosophical theory. Conversational systems or chatbots have advanced over the decades and now have become mainstream applications. They are software that users can communicate with, using natural language. Particular attention is given to the Alime Chat conversational system, already in industrial use, and the related research. The competitive nature of systems in production is a result of different researchers and developers trying to produce new conversational systems that can outperform previous or state-of-the-art systems. Different factors affect the quality of the conversational systems produced, and how one system is assessed as being better than another is a function of objectivity and of the relevant experimental results. This essay examines the research practices from, among others, Longino’s view on objectivity and Popper’s stand on falsification. Furthermore, the need for qualitative and large datasets is emphasized. This is in addition to the importance of the peer-review process in scientific publishing, as a means of developing, validating, or rejecting theories, claims, or methodologies in the research community. In conclusion, open data and open scientific discussion fora should become more prominent over the mere publication-focused trend. View Full-Text
Keywords: conversational systems; chatbots; philosophy of science; objectivity; verification; falsification conversational systems; chatbots; philosophy of science; objectivity; verification; falsification
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Adewumi, T.P.; Liwicki, F.; Liwicki, M. Conversational Systems in Machine Learning from the Point of View of the Philosophy of Science—Using Alime Chat and Related Studies. Philosophies 2019, 4, 41.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Philosophies EISSN 2409-9287 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top