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Article

Total Face Approach (TFA): A Novel 3D Approach to Describe the Main Cephalometric Craniomaxillofacial Parameters

1
Lake Como Institute, 22100 Como, Italy
2
Postgraduate Specialty in Orthodontics, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
3
Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, Università Degli Studi di Milano, 20122 Milan, Italy
4
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, 20161 Milan, Italy
5
Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
6
Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan, School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors share the last position.
Methods Protoc. 2021, 4(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/mps4010015
Received: 14 January 2021 / Revised: 13 February 2021 / Accepted: 16 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
The aim of this study is to propose a 3D skeletal classification and relative normal values of reference. Method: from a pool of 271 cone-beam computerized tomography images 108 chin-summit examinations of the skull were selected and divided into 3 traditional skeletal classes. The same Cone-beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT) images were then assessed using the cephalometric multiplanar analysis following the total face approach protocol. Results: the results of this study indicate standard 3D cephalometric norms for the vertical and sagittal evaluation of the skull. Conclusions: data obtained from our measurements allowed the creation of intervals supplying nosological classification that could be used in orthodontics, orthognatic surgery and implant surgery in fully edentulous patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D cephalometry; vertical size; sagittal dimension 3D cephalometry; vertical size; sagittal dimension
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MDPI and ACS Style

Perrotti, G.; Baccaglione, G.; Clauser, T.; Testarelli, L.; Del Fabbro, M.; Testori, T. Total Face Approach (TFA): A Novel 3D Approach to Describe the Main Cephalometric Craniomaxillofacial Parameters. Methods Protoc. 2021, 4, 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/mps4010015

AMA Style

Perrotti G, Baccaglione G, Clauser T, Testarelli L, Del Fabbro M, Testori T. Total Face Approach (TFA): A Novel 3D Approach to Describe the Main Cephalometric Craniomaxillofacial Parameters. Methods and Protocols. 2021; 4(1):15. https://doi.org/10.3390/mps4010015

Chicago/Turabian Style

Perrotti, Giovanna, Giulia Baccaglione, Tommaso Clauser, Luca Testarelli, Massimo Del Fabbro, and Tiziano Testori. 2021. "Total Face Approach (TFA): A Novel 3D Approach to Describe the Main Cephalometric Craniomaxillofacial Parameters" Methods and Protocols 4, no. 1: 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/mps4010015

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