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Efficacy and Usability of eHealth Technologies in Stroke Survivors for Prevention of a New Stroke and Improvement of Self-Management: Phase III Randomized Control Trial

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Osakidetza-Basque Health Service, Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Cruces University Hospital, Plaza Cruces 12, 48903 Barakaldo, Spain
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Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute Plaza Cruces 12, 48903, Barakaldo, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Methods Protoc. 2019, 2(2), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/mps2020050
Received: 27 April 2019 / Revised: 7 June 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
Background: Stroke is a leading cause of severe and long-term disability in developed countries. Around 15 million people suffer a stroke each year, being most of them ischemic due to modifiable risk factors. Adequate self-management abilities may help to manage the consequences of stroke, but it is unknown which specific intervention could be effective to booster these self-management abilities. Objective: To evaluate the improvement of self-management in chronic stroke survivors using decision support and self-management system (STARR). Methods: A randomized, prospective, parallel group, open, and the unicentric pilot trial will be performed. Stroke survivors and their caregivers will be randomly allocated to STARR management or standard of care. Main inclusion criteria are mild to moderate disabled first stroke adult survivor, living at home, able to cope and follow the guidelines and devices, without socio-familial exclusion. All will get a conventional treatment in the acute and subacute phase; however, in the chronic period, cases will use the developed STARR App and Decision Support System. Measurements will be performed at baseline, at 3 months, and at 6 months. Outcome measures are patient-report outcome measure of self-management competency, physical function, risk factor reduction, healthcare resource utilization, knowledge of the condition, mood, and social isolation. Discussion: If effective, the results of this study will enable stroke patients and their caregivers to deal better with the everyday life obstacles of stroke, improve the adherence of the treatment, improve the control of cardiovascular risk, and, in consequence, reduce the recurrence of secondary strokes, the number of complications, the number of consultations, and readmissions; to ultimately reduce the health systems costs. Taking into consideration that the number of stroke survivors is increasing around the world, a large number of individuals could profit from this intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: stroke; rehabilitation; self-management; quality of life; eHealth; decision support system; prevention stroke; rehabilitation; self-management; quality of life; eHealth; decision support system; prevention
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Ortiz-Fernández, L.; Sagastagoya Zabala, J.; Gutiérrez-Ruiz, A.; Imaz-Ayo, N.; Alava-Menica, A.; Arana-Arri, E. Efficacy and Usability of eHealth Technologies in Stroke Survivors for Prevention of a New Stroke and Improvement of Self-Management: Phase III Randomized Control Trial. Methods Protoc. 2019, 2, 50.

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