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Systematic Review

Partial Anomalous Left Pulmonary Artery Anterior Versus Posterior Types: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Radiology, UT Health San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA
2
Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 1 St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Emilio Quaia
Tomography 2022, 8(4), 1947-1958; https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8040163
Received: 17 June 2022 / Revised: 20 July 2022 / Accepted: 25 July 2022 / Published: 27 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Cardiovascular Imaging)
The aim of this study was to investigate the features of partial anomalous left pulmonary artery (PALPA) and differences between cases with posterior versus anterior a nomalous vessels in relation to the tracheobronchial tree. We hypothesized that statistical significance was dependent on the course of the anomalous vessel due to airway compression in the posterior type. This study included cases obtained from the literature (n = 33) and an institution teaching file (n = 2). Information collected: age, sex, medical history, additional anomalies, anomalous vessel course, and respiratory symptoms. Data were analyzed with independent samples t-test and Fisher’s exact test. PALPAs were more commonly anterior than posterior. Mean age: 5.3 years (SD = 12.4) for anterior and 6.8 years (SD = 18.5) for posterior (p = 0.77). Respiratory symptoms: 20% of anterior and 60% of posterior cases (p = 0.032). Tracheobronchial anomalies: 35% of anterior and 60% of posterior cases (p = 0.182). Non-cardiac and non-tracheobronchial anomalies: 30% of anterior and 47% of posterior cases (p = 0.511). Kabuki syndrome: 25% of anterior and 6.7% of posterior cases (p = 0.207). In conclusion, respiratory symptoms were the only significant difference between anterior and posterior PALPA types. View Full-Text
Keywords: partial anomalous left pulmonary artery (PALPA); pseudopulmonary artery sling; duplicated left pulmonary artery; congenital heart disease; Kabuki syndrome partial anomalous left pulmonary artery (PALPA); pseudopulmonary artery sling; duplicated left pulmonary artery; congenital heart disease; Kabuki syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Restrepo, C.S.; Gonzalez, T.V.; Baxi, A.J.; Saboo, S.S. Partial Anomalous Left Pulmonary Artery Anterior Versus Posterior Types: A Systematic Review. Tomography 2022, 8, 1947-1958. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8040163

AMA Style

Restrepo CS, Gonzalez TV, Baxi AJ, Saboo SS. Partial Anomalous Left Pulmonary Artery Anterior Versus Posterior Types: A Systematic Review. Tomography. 2022; 8(4):1947-1958. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8040163

Chicago/Turabian Style

Restrepo, Carlos S., Tomas V. Gonzalez, Ameya J. Baxi, and Sachin S. Saboo. 2022. "Partial Anomalous Left Pulmonary Artery Anterior Versus Posterior Types: A Systematic Review" Tomography 8, no. 4: 1947-1958. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8040163

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