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Open AccessReview

Straining Flow Spinning of Artificial Silk Fibers: A Review

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Centro de Tecnología Biomédica, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, Spain
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Departamento de Ciencia de Materiales, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Biomedical Research Networking Center in Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), Madrid, Spain
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Departamento de Ingeniería Aeroespacial y Mecánica de Fluidos, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros, Universidad de Sevilla, 41092 Sevilla, Spain
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Departamento de Tecnología Fotónica y Bioingeniería, ETSI Telecomunicaciones, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomimetics 2018, 3(4), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics3040029
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 13 September 2018 / Accepted: 1 October 2018 / Published: 5 October 2018
This work summarizes the main principles and some of the most significant results of straining flow spinning (SFS), a technology developed originally by the authors of this work. The principles on which the technology is based, inspired by the natural spinning system of silkworms and spiders, are presented, as well as some of the main achievements of the technique. Among these achievements, spinning under environmentally friendly conditions, obtaining high-performance fibers, and imparting the fibers with emerging properties such as supercontraction are discussed. Consequently, SFS appears as an efficient process that may represent one of the first realizations of a biomimetic technology with a significant impact at the production level. View Full-Text
Keywords: silk; regenerated fibers; fibroin; spidroin silk; regenerated fibers; fibroin; spidroin
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Pérez-Rigueiro, J.; Madurga, R.; Gañán-Calvo, A.M.; Plaza, G.R.; Elices, M.; López, P.A.; Daza, R.; González-Nieto, D.; Guinea, G.V. Straining Flow Spinning of Artificial Silk Fibers: A Review. Biomimetics 2018, 3, 29.

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