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Article

The “Pull Factor” Problematization in the Emergence of Everyday Bordering in the UK Welfare State

School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Lincoln, Lincoln LN6 7TS, UK
Genealogy 2021, 5(4), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy5040093
Received: 1 June 2021 / Revised: 23 September 2021 / Accepted: 26 September 2021 / Published: 27 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Identity Politics and Welfare Nationalism)
The “everyday bordering” concept has provided key insights into the effects of diverse bordering practices upon social life, placing the bordering of the welfare state among wider state interventions in an autochthonous politics of belonging. Sociological contributions have also introduced new explanations as to why states pursue such measures, positing that neoliberal states seek legitimacy through increasing activities to (re)affirm borders within this politics of belonging, compensating for a failure to govern the economy in the interests of citizens. To what extent is this visible in the state-led emergence of (everyday) borders around welfare in the United Kingdom, often cited as a key national case? This article draws from 20 elite interviews to contribute to genealogical accounts of the emergence of everyday bordering through identifying the developing “problematizations” connected to this kind of bordering activity, as the British state began to distinctly involve welfare-state actors in bordering policies in the 1990s and early 2000s. This evidence underlines how these policies were tied to a “pull factor” problematization of control failure, where the state needed to reduce various “pull factors” purportedly attracting unwanted migrants in order to control immigration per se, with little evidence that legitimacy issues tied to perceived declining economic governability informed these developments in this period. These findings can inform future genealogical analyses that trace the emergence of everyday bordering. View Full-Text
Keywords: everyday bordering; welfare state; hostile environment; pull factors; internal immigration control everyday bordering; welfare state; hostile environment; pull factors; internal immigration control
MDPI and ACS Style

Slaven, M. The “Pull Factor” Problematization in the Emergence of Everyday Bordering in the UK Welfare State. Genealogy 2021, 5, 93. https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy5040093

AMA Style

Slaven M. The “Pull Factor” Problematization in the Emergence of Everyday Bordering in the UK Welfare State. Genealogy. 2021; 5(4):93. https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy5040093

Chicago/Turabian Style

Slaven, Mike. 2021. "The “Pull Factor” Problematization in the Emergence of Everyday Bordering in the UK Welfare State" Genealogy 5, no. 4: 93. https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy5040093

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