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Safety 2019, 5(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5010017

Food Safety Satisfaction in China and Its Influencing Factors: Empirical Study with a Hierarchical Linear Model

1
School of Public Affairs, Sciences Po, Cedex 07, 75337 Paris, France
2
School of International and Public Affairs, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai 200030, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 November 2018 / Revised: 22 January 2019 / Accepted: 29 January 2019 / Published: 21 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety Design and Perception-Based Safety)
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PDF [250 KB, uploaded 26 March 2019]

Abstract

Food safety is one of the residents’ initial demands in daily life, and the negative perception of food safety potentially leads to public panic and dissatisfaction with government performance. Existing literature only focused on certain regions in China by using different indicators, and their results varied and lacked comparability. This paper explores influencing factors of the public’s satisfaction with food safety by conducting a nationwide survey in China. Factors cover several demographic variables while considering the nature of governments to reveal the difference among provinces. The results show that demographic factors such as gender, age, type of residence, education, and census register are positively correlated with food safety satisfaction, while annual income is not significant. Evaluation of government regulation efforts has a positive correlation with food safety satisfaction. People with higher trust in the government show higher satisfaction with the food safety situation. On the province level, per capita GDP, per capita food safety fiscal expenditure, and food safety fiscal expenditure level are positively correlated with food safety satisfaction. The empirical findings are helpful for government regulations; we thereby discuss our analytical results and suggest some governmental policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety; public satisfaction; influencing factors; hierarchical analysis food safety; public satisfaction; influencing factors; hierarchical analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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He, C.; Han, G.; Liu, Y. Food Safety Satisfaction in China and Its Influencing Factors: Empirical Study with a Hierarchical Linear Model. Safety 2019, 5, 17.

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