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J. Imaging 2017, 3(3), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging3030025

Automatic Recognition of Speed Limits on Speed-Limit Signs by Using Machine Learning

School of Engineering, Department of Robotics, Kindai University, Takayaumenobe 1, Higashihiroshima 739-2116, Japan
Received: 30 May 2017 / Revised: 30 June 2017 / Accepted: 1 July 2017 / Published: 5 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Color Image Processing)
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Abstract

This study describes a method for using a camera to automatically recognize the speed limits on speed-limit signs. This method consists of the following three processes: first (1) a method of detecting the speed-limit signs with a machine learning method utilizing the local binary pattern (LBP) feature quantities as information helpful for identification, then (2) an image processing method using Hue, Saturation and Value (HSV) color spaces for extracting the speed limit numbers on the identified speed-limit signs, and finally (3) a method for recognition of the extracted numbers using a neural network. The method of traffic sign recognition previously proposed by the author consisted of extracting geometric shapes from the sign and recognizing them based on their aspect ratios. This method cannot be used for the numbers on speed-limit signs because the numbers all have the same aspect ratios. In a study that proposed recognition of speed limit numbers using an Eigen space method, a method using only color information was used to detect speed-limit signs from images of scenery. Because this method used only color information for detection, precise color information settings and processing to exclude everything other than the signs are necessary in an environment where many colors similar to the speed-limit signs exist, and further study of the method for sign detection is needed. This study focuses on considering the following three points. (1) Make it possible to detect only the speed-limit sign in an image of scenery using a single process focusing on the local patterns of speed limit signs. (2) Make it possible to separate and extract the two-digit numbers on a speed-limit sign in cases when the two-digit numbers are incorrectly extracted as a single area due to the light environment. (3) Make it possible to identify the numbers using a neural network by focusing on three feature quantities. This study also used the proposed method with still images in order to validate it. View Full-Text
Keywords: pattern recognition; image processing; computer vision; traffic sign; machine learning; Local binary pattern; neural network pattern recognition; image processing; computer vision; traffic sign; machine learning; Local binary pattern; neural network
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Miyata, S. Automatic Recognition of Speed Limits on Speed-Limit Signs by Using Machine Learning. J. Imaging 2017, 3, 25.

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