Next Article in Journal
Influence of Guayule Resin as a Bio-Based Additive on Asphalt–Rubber Binder at Elevated Temperatures
Previous Article in Journal
Extraction of Copper and Zinc from Waste Printed Circuit Boards
Open AccessArticle

Melt Conditioned Direct Chill (MC-DC) Casting of AA-6111 Aluminium Alloy Formulated from Incinerator Bottom Ash (IBA)

1
Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology, Brunel University London, Uxbridge, London UB8 3PH, UK
2
Innoval Technology Limited, Beaumont Cl, Banbury OX16 1TQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Recycling 2019, 4(3), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling4030037
Received: 25 July 2019 / Revised: 24 August 2019 / Accepted: 26 August 2019 / Published: 28 August 2019
The melt conditioned direct chill (MC-DC) casting process has been used for the production of billets of AA-6111 alloy formulated from recycled aluminium derived from incinerator bottom ash (IBA). The billets were homogenised and then extruded into planks. Optical metallography of the MC-DC billets showed equiaxed refined grains in comparison to DC and grain refined (DC-GR) billets formulated from the same scrap source. Microstructure evaluation for the extruded planks showed a less extensive peripheral coarse grain (PCG) for the MC-DC sample. View Full-Text
Keywords: incinerator bottom ash; metal recycling; material recovery; melt conditioning; AA-6111 alloy incinerator bottom ash; metal recycling; material recovery; melt conditioning; AA-6111 alloy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Helal, K.W.; Lazaro-Nebreda, J.; Patel, J.B.; Scamans, G.M.; Fan, Z. Melt Conditioned Direct Chill (MC-DC) Casting of AA-6111 Aluminium Alloy Formulated from Incinerator Bottom Ash (IBA). Recycling 2019, 4, 37.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop