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Recycling 2019, 4(1), 3;

Waste Plastic, the Challenge Facing Developing Countries—Ban It, Change It, Collect It?

CSIR Implementation Unit, P.O. Box 395, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
Received: 20 November 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 14 December 2018 / Published: 10 January 2019
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With changing consumption patterns, growing populations and increased urbanisation, developing countries face significant challenges with regards to waste management. Waste plastic is a particularly problematic one, with single-use plastic leaking into the environment, including the marine environment, at an unprecedented rate. Around the world, countries are taking action to minimise these impacts, including banning single-use plastics; changing petroleum-based plastics to alternative bio-benign products such as paper, glass or biodegradable plastics; and improving waste collection systems to ensure that all waste is appropriately collected and reprocessed or safely disposed. However, these “solutions” are often met with resistance, from business, government or civil society, due to the intended and unintended consequences, leaving many questioning the most appropriate solution to reducing the leakage. This paper argues that there is no one single solution to addressing the leakage of plastic into the environment, but that the solution is likely to be a combination of the three approaches, based on local considerations. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste; plastic; marine litter; policy; biodegradable; leakage waste; plastic; marine litter; policy; biodegradable; leakage

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Godfrey, L. Waste Plastic, the Challenge Facing Developing Countries—Ban It, Change It, Collect It? Recycling 2019, 4, 3.

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