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Batteries 2018, 4(4), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries4040069

State of Charge Estimation of Power Battery Using Improved Back Propagation Neural Network

College of Mechanical Engineering, Xi’an University of Science and Technology, Xi’an 710054, China
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Received: 15 October 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 22 November 2018 / Published: 11 December 2018
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Abstract

Accurately estimating the state of charge (SOC) of power batteries in electric vehicles is of great significance to the measurement of the endurance mileage of electric vehicles, as well as the safety protection of the power battery. In view of lithium ion batteries’ nonlinear relation between SOC estimation and current, voltage, and temperature, the improved Back Propagation (BP) neural network method is proposed to accurately estimate the SOC of power batteries. To address the inherent limitations of BP neural network, particle swarm algorithm is adopted to modify the relevant weighting coefficients. In this paper, the lithium iron phosphate battery (3.2 V/20 Amper-Hour) was studied. Charge and discharge experiments were conducted under a constant temperature. The training data were used to construct the surrogate model using the improved BP neural network. It is noted that the accuracy of the developed algorithm is increased by 2% as compared to that of conventional BP. Finally, an actual vehicle condition experiment was designed to further verify the accuracy of these two algorithms. The experimental results show that the improved algorithm is more suitable for real vehicle operating conditions than the traditional algorithm, and the estimation accuracy can meet the industry standards to a greater extent. View Full-Text
Keywords: back propagation neural network; state of charge; electric vehicle; power battery back propagation neural network; state of charge; electric vehicle; power battery
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Zhang, C.-W.; Chen, S.-R.; Gao, H.-B.; Xu, K.-J.; Yang, M.-Y. State of Charge Estimation of Power Battery Using Improved Back Propagation Neural Network. Batteries 2018, 4, 69.

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