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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Processing Parameters on the Thermal and Electrical Properties of Electroless Nickel-Phosphorus Plated Carbon Fiber Heating Elements

1
Department of Chemistry, Inha University, Incheon 55101, Korea
2
R&D Division, Korea Institute of Carbon Convergence Technology, Jeonju 54853, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2019 / Revised: 20 January 2020 / Accepted: 21 January 2020 / Published: 22 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Surface Modification of Carbons)
Carbon fibers (CFs) were plated with nickel-phosphorus (Ni-P) using an electroless plating process. The effects of the process parameters such as heat treatment temperature, heat treatment time, and the pH of the plating bath on electroless Ni-P plating were investigated. The structure, elemental composition, and thermal and electrical properties of Ni-P plated CFs (MCF) were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), a four-probe volume resistivity tester, and an infrared thermal imaging camera, respectively. The XRD indicated the presence of amorphous and crystalline phases of Ni and Ni-P. The MCF were able to perform at high temperatures because of their higher thermal conductivity. A heat treatment temperature of 300 °C, a heat treatment time of 4 h, and a pH of 8.5 were found to be optimum for obtaining MCF with desirable thermal and electrical properties.
Keywords: processing parameter; carbon fibers; electroless Ni-P plated; thermal; electrical processing parameter; carbon fibers; electroless Ni-P plated; thermal; electrical
MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, B.-K.; Park, S.-J.; Seo, M.-K. Effect of Processing Parameters on the Thermal and Electrical Properties of Electroless Nickel-Phosphorus Plated Carbon Fiber Heating Elements. C 2020, 6, 6.

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