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Article

Metabolic Profiling and Metabolite Correlation Network Analysis Reveal That Fusarium solani Induces Differential Metabolic Responses in Lotus japonicus and Lotus tenuis against Severe Phosphate Starvation

1
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology (MPI-MP), Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
2
Postdoctoral Fellow—Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD), Kennedyallee 50, 53175 Bonn, Germany
3
Instituto Tecnológico de Chascomús (INTECH), Universidad Nacional de San Martin (UNSAM), Av. Intendente Marino Km 8.2, Chascomús 7130, Argentina
4
Institut de Biotecnològia i Biomedicina (BIOTECMED), Universitat de València, Av. Doctor Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nuria Ferrol and Concepción Azcón Aguilar
J. Fungi 2021, 7(9), 765; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7090765
Received: 31 August 2021 / Revised: 8 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 16 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant and Fungal Interactions)
Root fungal endophytes are essential mediators of plant nutrition under mild stress conditions. However, variations in the rhizosphere environment, such as nutrient depletion, could result in a stressful situation for both partners, shifting mutualistic to nonconvenient interactions. Mycorrhizal fungi and dark septate endophytes (DSEs) have demonstrated their ability to facilitate phosphate (Pi) acquisition. However, few studies have investigated other plant–fungal interactions that take place in the root environment with regard to phosphate nutrition. In the present research work, we aimed to analyze the effect of extreme Pi starvation and the fungal endophyte Fusarium solani on the model Lotus japonicus and the crop L. tenuis. We conducted metabolomics analysis based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) on plant tissues under optimal conditions, severe Pi starvation and F.solani presence. By combining statistical and correlation network analysis strategies, we demonstrated the differential outcomes of the two plant species against the combination of treatments. The combination of nutritional stress and Fusarium presence activated significant modifications in the metabolism of L. japonicus affecting the levels of sugars, polyols and some amino acids. Our results display potential markers for further inspection of the factors related to plant nutrition and plant–fungal interactions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fusarium solani; Lotus spp.; phosphate starvation; correlation network analysis; metabolomics Fusarium solani; Lotus spp.; phosphate starvation; correlation network analysis; metabolomics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nieva, A.S.; Romero, F.M.; Erban, A.; Carrasco, P.; Ruiz, O.A.; Kopka, J. Metabolic Profiling and Metabolite Correlation Network Analysis Reveal That Fusarium solani Induces Differential Metabolic Responses in Lotus japonicus and Lotus tenuis against Severe Phosphate Starvation. J. Fungi 2021, 7, 765. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7090765

AMA Style

Nieva AS, Romero FM, Erban A, Carrasco P, Ruiz OA, Kopka J. Metabolic Profiling and Metabolite Correlation Network Analysis Reveal That Fusarium solani Induces Differential Metabolic Responses in Lotus japonicus and Lotus tenuis against Severe Phosphate Starvation. Journal of Fungi. 2021; 7(9):765. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7090765

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nieva, Amira S., Fernando M. Romero, Alexander Erban, Pedro Carrasco, Oscar A. Ruiz, and Joachim Kopka. 2021. "Metabolic Profiling and Metabolite Correlation Network Analysis Reveal That Fusarium solani Induces Differential Metabolic Responses in Lotus japonicus and Lotus tenuis against Severe Phosphate Starvation" Journal of Fungi 7, no. 9: 765. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7090765

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