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Article

Transcriptional Responses of Fusarium graminearum Interacted with Soybean to Cause Root Rot

1
College of Agronomy & Sichuan Engineering Research Center for Crop Strip Intercropping System, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
2
Department of Plant Pathology, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ahmed Saleh and Hamada AbdElgawad
J. Fungi 2021, 7(6), 422; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7060422
Received: 15 April 2021 / Revised: 20 May 2021 / Accepted: 24 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impact of Climate Change on Plant–Fungal Interactions)
Fusarium graminearum is the most devastating pathogen of Fusarium head blight of cereals, stalk and ear of maize, and it has recently become a potential threat for soybean as maize-soybean strip relay intercropping is widely practiced in China. To elucidate the pathogenesis mechanism of F. graminearum on intercropped soybean which causes root rot, transcriptional profiling of F. graminearum at 12, 24, and 48 h post-inoculation (hpi) on soybean hypocotyl tissues was conducted. In total, 2313 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of F. graminearum were annotated by both KEGG pathway and Gene Ontology (GO) analysis. Among them, 128 DEGs were commonly expressed at three inoculation time points while the maximum DEGs were induced at 24 hpi. In addition, DEGs were also rich in carbon metabolism, ribosome and peroxisome pathways which might contribute to carbon source utilization, sexual reproduction, virulence and survival of F. graminearum when infected on soybean. Hence, this study will provide some basis for the deep understanding the pathogenesis mechanism of F. graminearum on different hosts and its effective control in maize-soybean strip relay intercropping systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fusarium graminearum; differentially expressed genes; carbon metabolism; ribosome; peroxisomes pathway; maize-soybean strip relay intercropping Fusarium graminearum; differentially expressed genes; carbon metabolism; ribosome; peroxisomes pathway; maize-soybean strip relay intercropping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Naeem, M.; Munir, M.; Li, H.; Raza, M.A.; Song, C.; Wu, X.; Irshad, G.; Khalid, M.H.B.; Yang, W.; Chang, X. Transcriptional Responses of Fusarium graminearum Interacted with Soybean to Cause Root Rot. J. Fungi 2021, 7, 422. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7060422

AMA Style

Naeem M, Munir M, Li H, Raza MA, Song C, Wu X, Irshad G, Khalid MHB, Yang W, Chang X. Transcriptional Responses of Fusarium graminearum Interacted with Soybean to Cause Root Rot. Journal of Fungi. 2021; 7(6):422. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7060422

Chicago/Turabian Style

Naeem, Muhammd, Maira Munir, Hongju Li, Muhammad A. Raza, Chun Song, Xiaoling Wu, Gulshan Irshad, Muhammad H.B. Khalid, Wenyu Yang, and Xiaoli Chang. 2021. "Transcriptional Responses of Fusarium graminearum Interacted with Soybean to Cause Root Rot" Journal of Fungi 7, no. 6: 422. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7060422

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