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Cutaneous Protothecosis in a Patient with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Case Report and Literature Review

by Quynh-Giao Ly Nguyen and Ted Rosen *,†
Department of Dermatology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1977 Butler Blvd, Suite E6.200, Houston, TX 77030, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: David S. Perlin
J. Fungi 2015, 1(1), 4-12; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof1010004
Received: 17 November 2014 / Accepted: 31 December 2014 / Published: 14 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cutaneous Fungal Diseases)
Protothecosis is a rare infection, which has the potential to cause severe disease in patients with underlying immunosuppression. We describe a case of an elderly female with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), as well as other risk factors, who presented with pustular and erythematous plaques, initially presumed to be leukemia cutis. A biopsy with special stains revealed the lesions to be cutaneous protothecosis, thus presenting a most unusual concurrence of disease entities. The literature to date on this rare infection will be reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: protothecosis; Prototheca wickerhamii; achlorophyllic algae protothecosis; Prototheca wickerhamii; achlorophyllic algae
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Nguyen, Q.-G.L.; Rosen, T. Cutaneous Protothecosis in a Patient with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Case Report and Literature Review. J. Fungi 2015, 1, 4-12.

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