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J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3(3), 24;

Stem Cell Therapy and Congenital Heart Disease

Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Transplant Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Center for Regenerative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andy Wessels
Received: 14 April 2016 / Revised: 7 June 2016 / Accepted: 28 June 2016 / Published: 5 July 2016
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For more than a decade, stem cell therapy has been the focus of intensive efforts for the treatment of adult heart disease, and now has promise for treating the pediatric population. On the basis of encouraging results in the adult field, the application of stem cell-based strategies in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) opens a new therapy paradigm. To date, the safety and efficacy of stem cell-based products to promote cardiac repair and recovery in dilated cardiomyopathy and structural heart disease in infants have been primarily demonstrated in scattered clinical case reports, and supported by a few relevant pre-clinical models. Recently the TICAP trial has shown the safety and feasibility of intracoronary infusion of autologous cardiosphere-derived cells in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. A focus on preemptive cardiac regeneration in the pediatric setting may offer new insights as to the timing of surgery, location of cell-based delivery, and type of cell-based regeneration that could further inform acquired cardiac disease applications. Here, we review the current knowledge on the field of stem cell therapy and tissue engineering in children with CHD, and discuss the gaps and future perspectives on cell-based strategies to treat patients with CHD. View Full-Text
Keywords: congenital heart disease; regenerative medicine; stem cell therapy; heart failure congenital heart disease; regenerative medicine; stem cell therapy; heart failure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Nelson, T.J.; Cantero Peral, S. Stem Cell Therapy and Congenital Heart Disease. J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3, 24.

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