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Article

Aromatherapy Massage vs. Foot Reflexology on the Severity of Restless Legs Syndrome in Female Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

1
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahed University, Tehran 3319118651, Iran
2
Trauma Research Center, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1435916471, Iran
3
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, 8049 Bodø, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jane E. Alty and K Ray Chaudhuri
Geriatrics 2021, 6(4), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6040099
Received: 16 August 2021 / Revised: 30 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 October 2021 / Published: 11 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Movement Disorders in Older Adults)
This study aimed to compare the effects of reflexology and aromatherapy massage on the severity of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in 105 female patients undergoing hemodialysis. A randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in a hemodialysis center with 48 beds in a high turnover hospital in an urban area of Iran. Intervention groups received reflexology (n = 35) and aromatherapy massage using lavender essential oil (n = 35) for 24 sessions, and the placebo group (n = 35) received simple foot massage. The restless legs syndrome rating scale was used to assess RLS severity in the groups before the intervention and after 4 and 8 weeks of the interventions. Results obtained by the mixed model analysis 3 * 3 (3 groups * 3 times) revealed the significant effect of time, group, and the time–group interrelationship (p = 0.001). Aromatherapy massage reduced the RLS severity, but reflexology did not appear to cause any significant reduction in it. Therefore, we suggest that aromatherapy massage be incorporated into routine care for relieving the ailment and suffering of patients undergoing hemodialysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: aromatherapy; hemodialysis; reflexology; restless legs syndrome aromatherapy; hemodialysis; reflexology; restless legs syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ghasemi, M.; Rejeh, N.; Bahrami, T.; Heravi-Karimooi, M.; Tadrisi, S.D.; Vaismoradi, M. Aromatherapy Massage vs. Foot Reflexology on the Severity of Restless Legs Syndrome in Female Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. Geriatrics 2021, 6, 99. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6040099

AMA Style

Ghasemi M, Rejeh N, Bahrami T, Heravi-Karimooi M, Tadrisi SD, Vaismoradi M. Aromatherapy Massage vs. Foot Reflexology on the Severity of Restless Legs Syndrome in Female Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. Geriatrics. 2021; 6(4):99. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6040099

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ghasemi, Mahbobeh, Nahid Rejeh, Tahereh Bahrami, Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, Seyed D. Tadrisi, and Mojtaba Vaismoradi. 2021. "Aromatherapy Massage vs. Foot Reflexology on the Severity of Restless Legs Syndrome in Female Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis" Geriatrics 6, no. 4: 99. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6040099

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