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A Novel Exercise for Enhancing Visuospatial Ability in Older Adults with Frailty: Development, Feasibility, and Effectiveness

1
Dementia Medical Center, University of Tsukuba Hospital, Tsukuba 3058575, Japan
2
Research Team for Promoting Independence and Mental Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 1730015, Japan
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Upten Health Support, Tsukuba 3050047, Japan
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School of Health and Physical Education, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 3058577, Japan
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Department of Occupational Therapy, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, Ami 3000394, Japan
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Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 3058577, Japan
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Faculty of Human Sciences, Shimane University, Matsue 6900823, Japan
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 3058575, Japan
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Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 3058577, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geriatrics 2020, 5(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics5020029
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 28 April 2020 / Accepted: 2 May 2020 / Published: 3 May 2020
We aimed to develop a novel exercise to improve visuospatial ability and evaluate its feasibility and effectiveness in older adults with frailty. A non-randomized preliminary trial was conducted between June 2014 and March 2015. We recruited 35 adults with frailty (24 women), aged 66–92 years. Participants were assigned to either locomotive- or visuospatial-exercise groups. All participants exercised under the supervision of physiotherapists for 90 min/week for 12 weeks. The visuospatial exercise participants used cubes with six colored patterns and were instructed to “reproduce the same colored pattern as shown in the photo”, using the cubes. In the locomotive exercise group, lower extremity functional training was provided. Rates of retention and attendance measured feasibility. Most participants completed the intervention (77.3%, locomotive; 84.6%, visuospatial) and had good attendance (83.8%, locomotive; 90.7%, visuospatial). Mini-mental state examination (MMSE), clock drawing test (CDT), and seven physical performance tests were conducted before and after interventions. The improvement in the MMSE score, qualitative analysis of CDT, grip strength, and sit and reach assessments were significantly greater in the visuospatial exercise group than in the locomotive exercise group. The cube exercise might be a feasible exercise program to potentially improve visuospatial ability and global cognition in older adults with frailty. View Full-Text
Keywords: cube exercise; visuospatial ability; frailty cube exercise; visuospatial ability; frailty
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nemoto, M.; Sasai, H.; Yabushita, N.; Tsuchiya, K.; Hotta, K.; Fujita, Y.; Kim, T.; Tsujimoto, T.; Arai, T.; Tanaka, K. A Novel Exercise for Enhancing Visuospatial Ability in Older Adults with Frailty: Development, Feasibility, and Effectiveness. Geriatrics 2020, 5, 29. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics5020029

AMA Style

Nemoto M, Sasai H, Yabushita N, Tsuchiya K, Hotta K, Fujita Y, Kim T, Tsujimoto T, Arai T, Tanaka K. A Novel Exercise for Enhancing Visuospatial Ability in Older Adults with Frailty: Development, Feasibility, and Effectiveness. Geriatrics. 2020; 5(2):29. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics5020029

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nemoto, Miyuki, Hiroyuki Sasai, Noriko Yabushita, Keito Tsuchiya, Kazushi Hotta, Yoshihiko Fujita, Taeho Kim, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Tetsuaki Arai, and Kiyoji Tanaka. 2020. "A Novel Exercise for Enhancing Visuospatial Ability in Older Adults with Frailty: Development, Feasibility, and Effectiveness" Geriatrics 5, no. 2: 29. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics5020029

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