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Delirium Stigma Among Healthcare Staff

Institute of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
The Evington Centre, Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust, Leicester General Hospital, Gwendolen Rd, Leicester LE5 4QG, UK
Northumberland, Tyne and Wear NHS Foundation Trust, Richardson Unit, Leazes Wing, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4PL, UK
Departments of Psychiatry, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju 61469, Korea
Institute of Health & Society, Newcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
School of Medicine and Health Institute for the Development of Education and Scholarship (Health IDEAS), Griffith University, Queensland 4122, Australia
The Prince Charles Hospital, Metro North, Brisbane, Queensland 4032, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geriatrics 2019, 4(1), 6;
Received: 12 October 2018 / Revised: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 23 December 2018 / Published: 31 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Geriatric Psychiatry and Psychology)
Older people with delirium occupy more than one third of acute medical beds and require increased medical attention, as care at present is suboptimal. In addition, since delirium is undetected, it should form a target for teaching in wards. Moreover, as people with delirium are largely dependent on daily interactions and care by inpatients professional staff, it is important to address stigmatisation of these vulnerable patients. This is especially important as previous studies have shown that negative staff attitudes towards these patients undermine good care. This single center cross-sectional study was designed to determine the extent of institutional stigma among health professionals involved in the care of people with delirium. For this, professional staff working on medical wards and in communities were approached to fill in a questionnaire containing the adapted Delirium Stigma Scale and the EuroQol five dimensions (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire. Additional demographic information concerning their education and professional and personal experience with delirium was also collected. The characteristics associated with stigma were determined from the sample. The findings of our study provide an insight into the high level of stigmatisation of delirium patients among professionals (mean 11.66/18 points). This was not related to professionals’ own experiences of delirium, their educational and professional backgrounds, or them having received formal delirium education. However, working closely with people with delirium seems to have a positive impact on the de-stigmatisation of this population among health professionals. Our findings that attitudes are not influenced by formal delirium teaching need to be incorporated into the design of interprofessional educational interventions. Accordingly, we advocate more direct patient-oriented and care delivered teaching interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: delirium; stigma; medical professionals; nursing professionals; education; training delirium; stigma; medical professionals; nursing professionals; education; training
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Mukaetova-Ladinska, E.B.; Cosker, G.; Chan, M.; Coppock, M.; Scully, A.; Kim, S.-Y.; Kim, S.-W.; McNally, R.J.Q.; Teodorczuk, A. Delirium Stigma Among Healthcare Staff. Geriatrics 2019, 4, 6.

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