Neurocognitive Function and Quality of Life Outcomes in the ONTRAC Study for Skin Cancer Chemoprevention by Nicotinamide
AbstractNicotinamide (vitamin B3) has photoprotective effects and reduces skin cancer incidence in high risk patients. Nicotinamide also improves cognition in animal models. As part of the ONTRAC (Oral Nicotinamide To Reduce Actinic Cancer) phase III placebo-controlled, randomized trial to assess nicotinamide’s efficacy in skin cancer prevention, we included clinical neurocognitive function and patient-reported quality of life assessments at baseline and after 12 months of intervention in individuals with previous skin cancer in order to assess any effect of oral nicotinamide (500 mg po twice daily) on cognitive function and quality of life. In our sample of 310 participants who completed neurocognitive function testing at baseline and at 12 months, we were not able to detect any significant effect of oral nicotinamide on cognitive function nor on quality of life. Further studies of nicotinamide’s effects on cognition in humans might include individuals with pre-existing mild cognitive impairment, and it may be that higher doses of nicotinamide are required to significantly influence cognitive function compared to doses required to reduce skin cancer. View Full-Text
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Martin, A.J.; Dhillon, H.M.; Vardy, J.L.; Dalziell, R.A.; Choy, B.; Fernández-Peñas, P.; Dixon, A.; Renton, C.; St George, G.; Chinniah, N.; Halliday, G.M.; Damian, D.L.; Chen, A.C. Neurocognitive Function and Quality of Life Outcomes in the ONTRAC Study for Skin Cancer Chemoprevention by Nicotinamide. Geriatrics 2019, 4, 31.
Martin AJ, Dhillon HM, Vardy JL, Dalziell RA, Choy B, Fernández-Peñas P, Dixon A, Renton C, St George G, Chinniah N, Halliday GM, Damian DL, Chen AC. Neurocognitive Function and Quality of Life Outcomes in the ONTRAC Study for Skin Cancer Chemoprevention by Nicotinamide. Geriatrics. 2019; 4(1):31.Chicago/Turabian Style
Martin, Andrew J.; Dhillon, Haryana M.; Vardy, Janette L.; Dalziell, Robyn A.; Choy, Bonita; Fernández-Peñas, Pablo; Dixon, Ann; Renton, Corrinne; St George, Gayathri; Chinniah, Niranthari; Halliday, Gary M.; Damian, Diona L.; Chen, Andrew C. 2019. "Neurocognitive Function and Quality of Life Outcomes in the ONTRAC Study for Skin Cancer Chemoprevention by Nicotinamide." Geriatrics 4, no. 1: 31.
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