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Geriatrics 2018, 3(2), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3020016

Naturalistic Driving: A Framework and Advances in Using Big Data

1,2,3,4,5,* , 2,4,5
,
2,4,5
and
3,6
1
Bruyère Continuing Care, Ottawa, ON K1N 5C8, Canada
2
Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, ON K1N 5C8, Canada
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L6, Canada
4
Department of Systems and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Design, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada
5
AGE-WELL NIH—SAM3, Ottawa, ON K1N 5C8, Canada
6
Ottawa Health Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON K1Y 4E9, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2018 / Revised: 22 March 2018 / Accepted: 24 March 2018 / Published: 29 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aging and Driving)
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Abstract

Driving is an activity that facilitates physical, cognitive, and social stimulation in older adults, ultimately leading to better physical and cognitive health. However, aging is associated with declines in vision, physical health, and cognitive health, all of which can affect driving ability. One way of assessing driving ability is with the use of sensors in the older adult’s own vehicle. This paper provides a framework for driving assessment and addresses how naturalistic driving studies can assist in such assessments. The framework includes driving characteristics (how much driving, speed, position, type of road), actions and reactions (lane changes, intersections, passing, merging, traffic lights, pedestrians, other vehicles), destinations (variety and distance, sequencing and route planning), and driving conditions (time of day and season). Data from a subset of Ottawa drivers from the Candrive study is used to illustrate the use of naturalistic driving data. Challenges in using naturalistic driving big data and the changing technology in vehicles are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: driving assessment; naturalistic driving study; big data analysis; framework driving assessment; naturalistic driving study; big data analysis; framework
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Knoefel, F.; Wallace, B.; Goubran, R.; Marshall, S. Naturalistic Driving: A Framework and Advances in Using Big Data. Geriatrics 2018, 3, 16.

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