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Tackling Societal Challenges Related to Ageing and Transport Transition: An Introduction to Philosophical Principles of Causation Adapted to the Biopsychosocial Model

by Paul Vaucher 1,2,* and Bernard Favrat 2,3
1
School of Health Sciences Fribourg, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland, Route des Cliniques 15, Fribourg 1700, Switzerland
2
Unit of Traffic Medicine and Psychology, University Centre of Legal Medicine, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Rue Saint-Martin 26, Lausanne 1005, Switzerland
3
Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Rue du Bugnon 44, Lausanne 1011, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Max Toepper
Geriatrics 2016, 1(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics1010003
Received: 11 August 2015 / Revised: 14 December 2015 / Accepted: 17 December 2015 / Published: 23 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impaired Driving Skills in Older Adults)
In geriatrics, driving cessation is addressed within the biopsychosocial model. This has broadened the scope of practitioners, not only in terms of assessing fitness to drive, but also by helping to maintain social engagements and provide support for transport transition. Causes can be addressed at different levels by adapting medication, improving physical health, modifying behaviour, adapting lifestyle, or bringing changes to the environment. This transdisciplinary approach requires an understanding of how different disciplines are linked to each other. This article reviews the philosophical principles of causality between fields and provides a framework for understanding causality within the biopsychosocial model. Understanding interlevel constraints should help practitioners overcome their differences, and favor transversal approaches to driving cessation. View Full-Text
Keywords: traffic medicine; behavioural science; causality; transversal research traffic medicine; behavioural science; causality; transversal research
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Vaucher, P.; Favrat, B. Tackling Societal Challenges Related to Ageing and Transport Transition: An Introduction to Philosophical Principles of Causation Adapted to the Biopsychosocial Model. Geriatrics 2016, 1, 3.

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