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Use of Flubendazole and Fenbendazole for Treatment of Lung Severe Infection by the Gapeworm Cyathostoma bronchialis (Nematoda: Syngamidae) in Branta hutchinsii, Anser indicus and B. leucopsis Exotic Geese: An Interesting Case

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Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Via Tolara di Sopra 50, 40064 Ozzano dell’Emilia (Bologna), Italy
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Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Via Largo Paolo Braccini 2, 10095 Grugliasco (Turin), Italy
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Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell’Emilia Romagna “Bruno Ubertini”, Sede Territoriale di Ravenna, Via del Limite 2, 48022 Lugo (Ravenna), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Benjamin Dewals
Vet. Sci. 2021, 8(8), 147; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci8080147
Received: 7 June 2021 / Revised: 26 July 2021 / Accepted: 27 July 2021 / Published: 29 July 2021
A 6-year-old female goose (Branta hutchinsii) from a group of ornamental exotic geese was found dead due to severe respiratory failure, followed by emission of haemorrhagic sputum and blood clots from the beak and nostrils, and then collapse. At necropsy, the cause of death was attributed to a total of 76 helminth parasites found in the trachea and lungs, then identified as Cyathostoma bronchialis. The flock was initially treated by feed with flubendazole (1200 g/1000 kg/feed) for 7 consecutive days but, at the reappearance of the respiratory symptoms 10 days after, the animals were given fenbendazole by drinking water (300 mg/L) for 7 consecutive days, but at the reappearance of the respiratory symptoms 10 days after, the animals were given fenbendazole via drinking water (300 mg/L) for 7 consecutive days. Despite these treatments, the respiratory symptoms continued to relapse 10–15 days after the end of drug administration. In the literature, there are no data regarding drugs for the treatment of C. bronchialis infestations in geese, and the use of these drugs in exotic birds occurs as “off-label” use. This case study provides information on C. bronchialis life cycle, which is still poorly studied and poorly documented today. In particular, the case provides useful suggestions for evaluating an appropriate protocol for the treatment of C. bronchialis in geese. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cyathostoma bronchialis; geese; flubendazole; fenbendazole Cyathostoma bronchialis; geese; flubendazole; fenbendazole
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guerrini, A.; Carminati, A.; Stancampiano, L.; Roncada, P.; Frasnelli, M. Use of Flubendazole and Fenbendazole for Treatment of Lung Severe Infection by the Gapeworm Cyathostoma bronchialis (Nematoda: Syngamidae) in Branta hutchinsii, Anser indicus and B. leucopsis Exotic Geese: An Interesting Case. Vet. Sci. 2021, 8, 147. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci8080147

AMA Style

Guerrini A, Carminati A, Stancampiano L, Roncada P, Frasnelli M. Use of Flubendazole and Fenbendazole for Treatment of Lung Severe Infection by the Gapeworm Cyathostoma bronchialis (Nematoda: Syngamidae) in Branta hutchinsii, Anser indicus and B. leucopsis Exotic Geese: An Interesting Case. Veterinary Sciences. 2021; 8(8):147. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci8080147

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guerrini, Alessandro, Andrea Carminati, Laura Stancampiano, Paola Roncada, and Matteo Frasnelli. 2021. "Use of Flubendazole and Fenbendazole for Treatment of Lung Severe Infection by the Gapeworm Cyathostoma bronchialis (Nematoda: Syngamidae) in Branta hutchinsii, Anser indicus and B. leucopsis Exotic Geese: An Interesting Case" Veterinary Sciences 8, no. 8: 147. https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci8080147

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