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Vet. Sci. 2018, 5(2), 47;

Field Studies Evaluating Bait Acceptance and Handling by Free-Roaming Dogs in Thailand

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen 73140, Thailand
Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Ratchathewi, Bangok 10400, Thailand
IDT Biologika GmbH, Am Pharmapark, 06861 Dessau-Rosslau, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 March 2018 / Revised: 20 April 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Canine Rabies Surveillance, Control and Elimination)
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(1) Background: As part of the ongoing endeavor to eliminate dog-mediated human rabies in Thailand, renewed interest has been shown in oral vaccination of dogs as a supplementary tool to increase vaccination coverage of the dog population. (2) Methods: Three different bait types were tested using a hand-out model on the campus of the Kasetsart University and the surrounding temples in Thailand during September 2017, consisting of two industrial manufactured baits (fish meal and egg-flavored) and one bait made from local material (boiled pig intestine placed in collagen casing). A PVC-capsule containing dyed water was inserted in the bait. (3) Results: The fishmeal bait was significantly less often accepted and consumed (50.29%) than the other two baits (intestine bait—79.19%; egg bait—78.77%). Delivery and release of the dyed water in the oral cavity was highest in the egg-flavored bait (84.50%), followed by the intestine bait (76.61%) and fishmeal (54.85%) baits. Bait acceptance was influenced by sex, age, and body size of the dog. Also, the origin of the dogs had a significant effect: temple dogs accepted the baits more often than street dogs. (4) Conclusion: A significant portion of the free-roaming dog population in this study can be vaccinated by offering vaccine baits. View Full-Text
Keywords: rabies; bait; dog; oral vaccination rabies; bait; dog; oral vaccination

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Kasemsuwan, S.; Chanachai, K.; Pinyopummintr, T.; Leelalapongsathon, K.; Sujit, K.; Vos, A. Field Studies Evaluating Bait Acceptance and Handling by Free-Roaming Dogs in Thailand. Vet. Sci. 2018, 5, 47.

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