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Bioengineering 2017, 4(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering4040094

Safety Aspects of Bio-Based Nanomaterials

1
Work Environment, Occupational Safety, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, FI-00250 Helsinki, Finland
2
Department of Anatomy, Embryology and Genetics, University of Zaragoza, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gary Chinga Carrasco
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 29 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Biocomposite Engineering and Bio-Applications)
Full-Text   |   PDF [205 KB, uploaded 1 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

Moving towards a bio-based and circular economy implies a major focus on the responsible and sustainable utilization of bio-resources. The emergence of nanotechnology has opened multiple possibilities, not only in the existing industrial sectors, but also for completely novel applications of nanoscale bio-materials, the commercial exploitation of which has only begun during the last few years. Bio-based materials are often assumed not to be toxic. However, this pre-assumption is not necessarily true. Here, we provide a short overview on health and environmental aspects associated with bio-based nanomaterials, and on the relevant regulatory requirements. We also discuss testing strategies that may be used for screening purposes at pre-commercial stages. Although the tests presently used to reveal hazards are still evolving, regarding modifi­cations required for nanomaterials, their application is needed before the upscaling or commercialization of bio-based nanomaterials, to ensure the market potential of the nanomaterials is not delayed by uncertainties about safety issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanosafety; bio-based nanomaterials; toxicity testing; hazard assessment; regulations nanosafety; bio-based nanomaterials; toxicity testing; hazard assessment; regulations
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Catalán, J.; Norppa, H. Safety Aspects of Bio-Based Nanomaterials. Bioengineering 2017, 4, 94.

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