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Bioengineering 2016, 3(1), 2;

Rebalancing Redox to Improve Biobutanol Production by Clostridium tyrobutyricum

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The University of Alabama, 245 7th Avenue, Tuscaloosa, AL 35401, USA
Department of Biological Science, The University of Alabama, 300 Hackberry Lane, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, 151 West Woodruff Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mark Blenner and Michael D. Lynch
Received: 30 September 2015 / Revised: 24 November 2015 / Accepted: 18 December 2015 / Published: 24 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metabolic Engineering)
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Biobutanol is a sustainable green biofuel that can substitute for gasoline. Carbon flux has been redistributed in Clostridium tyrobutyricum via metabolic cell engineering to produce biobutanol. However, the lack of reducing power hampered the further improvement of butanol production. The objective of this study was to improve butanol production by rebalancing redox. Firstly, a metabolically-engineered mutant CTC-fdh-adhE2 was constructed by introducing heterologous formate dehydrogenase (fdh) and bifunctional aldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase (adhE2) simultaneously into wild-type C. tyrobutyricum. The mutant evaluation indicated that the fdh-catalyzed NADH-producing pathway improved butanol titer by 2.15-fold in the serum bottle and 2.72-fold in the bioreactor. Secondly, the medium supplements that could shift metabolic flux to improve the production of butyrate or butanol were identified, including vanadate, acetamide, sodium formate, vitamin B12 and methyl viologen hydrate. Finally, the free-cell fermentation produced 12.34 g/L of butanol from glucose using the mutant CTC-fdh-adhE2, which was 3.88-fold higher than that produced by the control mutant CTC-adhE2. This study demonstrated that the redox engineering in C. tyrobutyricum could greatly increase butanol production. View Full-Text
Keywords: Clostridium tyrobutyricum; butanol production; redox engineering; metabolic cell engineering; metabolic shift Clostridium tyrobutyricum; butanol production; redox engineering; metabolic cell engineering; metabolic shift

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Ma, C.; Ou, J.; Xu, N.; Fierst, J.L.; Yang, S.-T.; Liu, X. Rebalancing Redox to Improve Biobutanol Production by Clostridium tyrobutyricum. Bioengineering 2016, 3, 2.

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