Recent Progress of Basic Studies of Natural Products and Their Dental Application
AbstractThe present article reviews the research progress of three major polyphenols (tannins, flavonoids and lignin carbohydrate complexes), chromone (backbone structure of flavonoids) and herbal extracts. Chemical modified chromone derivatives showed highly specific toxicity against human oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, with much lower toxicity against human oral keratinocytes, as compared with various anticancer drugs. QSAR analysis suggests the possible correlation between their tumor-specificity and three-dimensional molecular shape. Condensed tannins in the tea extracts inactivated the glucosyltransferase enzymes, involved in the biofilm formation. Lignin-carbohydrate complexes (prepared by alkaline extraction and acid-precipitation) and crude alkaline extract of the leaves of Sasa species (SE, available as an over-the-counter drug) showed much higher anti-HIV activity, than tannins, flavonoids and Japanese traditional medicine (Kampo). Long-term treatment with SE and several Kampo medicines showed an anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects in small size of clinical trials. Although the anti-periodontitis activity of synthetic angiotensin II blockers has been suggested in many papers, natural angiotensin II blockers has not yet been tested for their possible anti-periodontitis activity. There should be still many unknown substances that are useful for treating the oral diseases in the natural kingdom. View Full-Text
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Sakagami, H.; Watanabe, T.; Hoshino, T.; Suda, N.; Mori, K.; Yasui, T.; Yamauchi, N.; Kashiwagi, H.; Gomi, T.; Oizumi, T.; Nagai, J.; Uesawa, Y.; Takao, K.; Sugita, Y. Recent Progress of Basic Studies of Natural Products and Their Dental Application. Medicines 2019, 6, 4.
Sakagami H, Watanabe T, Hoshino T, Suda N, Mori K, Yasui T, Yamauchi N, Kashiwagi H, Gomi T, Oizumi T, Nagai J, Uesawa Y, Takao K, Sugita Y. Recent Progress of Basic Studies of Natural Products and Their Dental Application. Medicines. 2019; 6(1):4.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sakagami, Hiroshi; Watanabe, Taihei; Hoshino, Tomonori; Suda, Naoto; Mori, Kazumasa; Yasui, Toshikazu; Yamauchi, Naoki; Kashiwagi, Harutsugu; Gomi, Tsuneaki; Oizumi, Takaaki; Nagai, Junko; Uesawa, Yoshihiro; Takao, Koichi; Sugita, Yoshiaki. 2019. "Recent Progress of Basic Studies of Natural Products and Their Dental Application." Medicines 6, no. 1: 4.
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