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Paving the Path towards Efficient Construction Logistics by Revealing the Current Practice and Issues
Article

Construction Site Layout Planning Using a Simulation-Based Decision Support Tool

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2W2, Canada
2
Department of Mechanical and Construction Engineering, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: John E. Tookey and Fei Ying
Logistics 2021, 5(4), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics5040065
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 21 July 2021 / Published: 22 September 2021
Background: A site layout plan is one of the important decisions to be made in the planning phase of each construction project as it can significantly impact on-site transportation, construction logistics, and safety. This decision could be complicated owing to the uncertainties inherent in construction projects and the complex relationships between the influencing factors and decision variables. Methods: To improve site layout planning, this study aims to develop a simulation-based decision support tool (DST) that enables planners to consider the following: (1) construction uncertainties, (2) construction resources (i.e., material, equipment, and workers), (3) site layout constraints, and (4) mutual impacts between site layout and construction plan variables, for site layout planning of construction projects. Results: The developed DST visualizes the site layout plan within a simulation environment and provides seamless interactions between the site layout model and the simulation model. These capabilities facilitate planning construction site layout using simulation by establishing two-way information flows between the site layout and simulation components, which can further promote application of simulation in construction site layout planning. Usefulness and practicality of the proposed DST is demonstrated in site layout planning of a steel erection project. Conclusions: Using this DST can reduce some common wastes in construction projects and the cost associated with them, including on-site transportation, material handling and storage, and waiting time for the material arrival. View Full-Text
Keywords: site layout planning; simulation; decision support tool; construction planning; logistics site layout planning; simulation; decision support tool; construction planning; logistics
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MDPI and ACS Style

RazaviAlavi, S.; AbouRizk, S. Construction Site Layout Planning Using a Simulation-Based Decision Support Tool. Logistics 2021, 5, 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics5040065

AMA Style

RazaviAlavi S, AbouRizk S. Construction Site Layout Planning Using a Simulation-Based Decision Support Tool. Logistics. 2021; 5(4):65. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics5040065

Chicago/Turabian Style

RazaviAlavi, SeyedReza, and Simaan AbouRizk. 2021. "Construction Site Layout Planning Using a Simulation-Based Decision Support Tool" Logistics 5, no. 4: 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics5040065

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