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Article

The Best Dentistry Professional Visual Acuity Measured under Simulated Clinical Conditions Provides Keplerian Magnification Loupe: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Ophthalmology, Clinical Hospital Dubrava, Av.GojkaŠuška6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gundulićeva 5, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gundulićeva 5, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Changxiang Wang
Dent. J. 2021, 9(6), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9060069
Received: 19 April 2021 / Revised: 25 May 2021 / Accepted: 7 June 2021 / Published: 11 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Education)
Visual acuity plays an important role in dentists’ vision in their daily clinical routine. This study aimed to determine dental students’ visual acuity without optical aids and when using magnification devices in simulated clinical conditions. The participants were forty-six students at the School of Dental Medicine with a visual acuity of 1.0 in decimal values or 100% in percentage. The central visual acuity was tested using a miniature Snellen eye chart placed in the molar cavity of a dental phantom, in simulated clinical conditions under five different settings (natural visual acuity, by applying head magnifying glasses x1,5 and binocular magnifying devices using Galileo’s x2,5/350 mm, Keplerx3,3/450 mm and Keplerx4,5/350 mm optical system). The Wilcoxon Signed Rank test shows that the distribution of measurements of the visual acuity undertaken by the application of magnifying devices (VNL, VGA2,5, VKP3,3, VKP4,5) contained higher values of visual acuity than those received by the use of natural vision (VSC) (p < 0.001 for the comparison to the VNL, VGA2,5, VKP3,3 and VKP4,5 groups). The highest and statistically most significant increase in visual acuity is achieved using the Keplerian telescope x4.5/350 mm. The application of magnifying devices provided dentistry professionals with better visual acuity, improving detail detection in an oral cavity during dental procedures by magnifying the oral structure. The use of magnification devices means much more precise work, decreases the operating time, improves posture and reduces muscle pain in the shoulder during dental treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: visual acuity; miniaturized Snellen optotype; Galilean and Keplerian telescope optical system in dentistry visual acuity; miniaturized Snellen optotype; Galilean and Keplerian telescope optical system in dentistry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Urlic, I.; Pavan, J.; Verzak, Z.; Karlovic, Z.; Negovetic Vranic, D. The Best Dentistry Professional Visual Acuity Measured under Simulated Clinical Conditions Provides Keplerian Magnification Loupe: A Cross-Sectional Study. Dent. J. 2021, 9, 69. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9060069

AMA Style

Urlic I, Pavan J, Verzak Z, Karlovic Z, Negovetic Vranic D. The Best Dentistry Professional Visual Acuity Measured under Simulated Clinical Conditions Provides Keplerian Magnification Loupe: A Cross-Sectional Study. Dentistry Journal. 2021; 9(6):69. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9060069

Chicago/Turabian Style

Urlic, Iris, Josip Pavan, Zeljko Verzak, Zoran Karlovic, and Dubravka Negovetic Vranic. 2021. "The Best Dentistry Professional Visual Acuity Measured under Simulated Clinical Conditions Provides Keplerian Magnification Loupe: A Cross-Sectional Study" Dentistry Journal 9, no. 6: 69. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9060069

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