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Open AccessReview

Layered Double Hydroxide Fluoride Release in Dental Applications: A Systematic Review

1
Oral Bioengineering, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
2
Centre for Adult Oral Health, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University, New Road, London E1 2AD, UK
3
School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2019, 7(3), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7030087
Received: 12 June 2019 / Revised: 17 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 2 September 2019
This systematic review appraises studies conducted with layered double hydroxides (LDHs) for fluoride release in dentistry. LDH has been used as antacids, water purification in removing excess fluoride in drinking water and drug delivery. It has great potential for controlled fluoride release in dentistry, e.g., varnishes, fissure sealants and muco-adhesive strips, etc. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement was followed with two reviewers performing a literature search using four databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct and Ovid Medline with no date restrictions. Studies including any LDH for ion/drug release in dentistry were included, while assessing the application of LDH and the value of the methodology, e.g., ion release protocol and the LDH production process. Results: A total of 258 articles were identified and four met the inclusion criteria. Based on two in vitro studies and one clinical study, LDH was previously studied in dental materials, such as dental composites and buccal muco-adhesive strips for fluoride release, with the latter studied in a clinical environment. The fourth study analysed LDH powder alone (without being incorporated into dental materials). It demonstrated fluoride release and the uptake of volatile sulphur compounds (VSC), which may reduce halitosis (malodour). Conclusion: LDHs incorporated in dental materials have been previously evaluated for fluoride release and proven to be clinically safe. LDHs have the potential to sustain a controlled release of fluoride (or other cariostatic ions) in the oral environment to prevent caries. However, further analyses of LDH compositions, and clinical research investigating any other cariostatic effects, are required. View Full-Text
Keywords: layered double hydroxide; fluoride; dentistry; systematic review layered double hydroxide; fluoride; dentistry; systematic review
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Hoxha, A.; Gillam, D.G.; Bushby, A.J.; Agha, A.; Patel, M.P. Layered Double Hydroxide Fluoride Release in Dental Applications: A Systematic Review. Dent. J. 2019, 7, 87.

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