Next Article in Journal
Layered Double Hydroxide Fluoride Release in Dental Applications: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Early Wound Healing Score (EHS): An Intra- and Inter-Examiner Reliability Study
Open AccessReview

Microbiological and Clinical Aspects of Cervicofacial Actinomyces Infections: An Overview

1
Department of Pharmacodynamics and Biopharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Eötvös utca 6., Hungary
2
Institute of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, 6725 Szeged, Semmelweis utca 6., Hungary
3
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Dóm tér 10., Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2019, 7(3), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7030085
Received: 30 July 2019 / Revised: 20 August 2019 / Accepted: 23 August 2019 / Published: 1 September 2019
Similarly to other non-spore-forming Gram-positive anaerobes, members of the Actinomyces genus are important saprophytic constituents of the normal microbiota of humans. Actinomyces infections are considered to be rare, with cervicofacial infections (also known as ‘lumpy jaw syndrome’) being the most prevalent type in the clinical practice. Actinomycoses are characterized by a slowly progressing (indolent) infection, with non-specific symptoms, and additionally, the clinical presentation of the signs/symptoms can mimic other pathologies, such as solid tumors, active Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections, nocardiosis, fungal infections, infarctions, and so on. The clinical diagnosis of actinomycosis may be difficult due to its non-specific symptoms and the fastidious, slow-growing nature of the pathogens, requiring an anaerobic atmosphere for primary isolation. Based on 111 references, the aim of this review is to summarize current advances regarding the clinical features, diagnostics, and therapy of cervicofacial Actinomyces infections and act as a paper for dentistry specialists, other physicians, and clinical microbiologists. View Full-Text
Keywords: Actinomyces; actinomycosis; cervicofacial infection Actinomyces; actinomycosis; cervicofacial infection
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gajdács, M.; Urbán, E.; Terhes, G. Microbiological and Clinical Aspects of Cervicofacial Actinomyces Infections: An Overview. Dent. J. 2019, 7, 85.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop