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Open AccessArticle

Imaging Functions of Quasi-Periodic Nanohole Array as an Ultra-Thin Planar Optical Lens

Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Photonics 2015, 2(2), 619-633;
Received: 19 May 2015 / Revised: 9 June 2015 / Accepted: 9 June 2015 / Published: 12 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Frontiers in Plasmonics and Metamaterials)
PDF [1084 KB, uploaded 12 June 2015]


In this paper, the lensing functions and imaging abilities of a quasi-periodic nanohole array in a metal screen have been theoretically investigated and demonstrated. Such an optical binary mask with nanoholes designed in an aperiodic arrangement can function as an ultra-thin planar optical lens, imaging complex structures composed of multiple light sources at tens of wavelengths away from the lens surface. Via resolving two adjacent testing objects at different separations, the effective numerical aperture (N.A.) and the effective imaging area of the planar optical lens can be evaluated, mimicking the imaging function of a conventional lens with high N.A. Furthermore, by using the quasi-periodic nanohole array as an ultra-thin planar optical lens, important applications such as X-ray imaging and nano-optical circuits may be found in circumstances where conventional optical lenses cannot readily be applied. View Full-Text
Keywords: quasi-periodic; nanohole arrays; imaging functions; planar optical lens quasi-periodic; nanohole arrays; imaging functions; planar optical lens

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kao, T.S.; Lo, Y.T.; Kuo, H.-C. Imaging Functions of Quasi-Periodic Nanohole Array as an Ultra-Thin Planar Optical Lens. Photonics 2015, 2, 619-633.

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