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Dual Taylor Series, Spline Based Function and Integral Approximation and Applications

School of Electrical Engineering, Computing and Mathematical Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth 6845, Australia
Math. Comput. Appl. 2019, 24(2), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/mca24020035
Received: 2 March 2019 / Revised: 25 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 1 April 2019
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Abstract

In this paper, function approximation is utilized to establish functional series approximations to integrals. The starting point is the definition of a dual Taylor series, which is a natural extension of a Taylor series, and spline based series approximation. It is shown that a spline based series approximation to an integral yields, in general, a higher accuracy for a set order of approximation than a dual Taylor series, a Taylor series and an antiderivative series. A spline based series for an integral has many applications and indicative examples are detailed. These include a series for the exponential function, which coincides with a Padé series, new series for the logarithm function as well as new series for integral defined functions such as the Fresnel Sine integral function. It is shown that these series are more accurate and have larger regions of convergence than corresponding Taylor series. The spline based series for an integral can be used to define algorithms for highly accurate approximations for the logarithm function, the exponential function, rational numbers to a fractional power and the inverse sine, inverse cosine and inverse tangent functions. These algorithms are used to establish highly accurate approximations for π and Catalan’s constant. The use of sub-intervals allows the region of convergence for an integral approximation to be extended. View Full-Text
Keywords: integral approximation; function approximation; Taylor series; dual Taylor series; spline approximation; antiderivative series; exponential function; logarithm function; Fresnel sine integral; Padé series; Catalan’s constant integral approximation; function approximation; Taylor series; dual Taylor series; spline approximation; antiderivative series; exponential function; logarithm function; Fresnel sine integral; Padé series; Catalan’s constant
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Howard, R.M. Dual Taylor Series, Spline Based Function and Integral Approximation and Applications. Math. Comput. Appl. 2019, 24, 35.

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