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Processes 2019, 7(2), 72; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7020072

Experimental Study on Electric Potential Response Characteristics of Gas-Bearing Coal During Deformation and Fracturing Process

1,2,3,4,*,†
,
1,2,3,4,†
,
1,2,3,4,*
,
5
,
6
,
7
and
4,8
1
Key Laboratory of Gas and Fire Control for Coal Mines (China University of Mining and Technology), Ministry of Education, Xuzhou 221116, China
2
Engineering Research Center for Coal Gas Control, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe Mining, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
4
School of Safety Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
5
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06268, USA
6
Yanghe Coal Industry Limited Company, Zhengzhou Coal Industry (Group), Zhengzhou 452382, China
7
Xinzheng Coal Power Limited Company, Zhengzhou 450000, China
8
Department of Mining Engineering, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences, Quetta 87300, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 23 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 26 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluid Flow in Fractured Porous Media)
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Abstract

Coal mass is deformed and fractured under stress to generate electrical potential (EP) signals. The mechanical properties of coal change with the adsorption of gas. To investigate the EP response characteristics of gas-bearing coal during deformation and fracture, a test system to monitor multi-parameters of gas-bearing coal under load was designed. The results showed that abundant EP signals were generated during the loading process and the EP response corresponded well with the stress change and crack expansion, and validated this with the results from acoustic emission (AE) and high-speed photography. The higher stress level and the greater the sudden stress change led to the greater EP abnormal response. With the increase of gas pressure, the confining action and erosion effect are promoted, causing the damage evolution impacted and failure characteristics changes. As a result, the EP response is similar while the characteristics were promoted. The EP response was generated due to the charge separation caused by the friction effect etc. during the damage and deformation of the coal. Furthermore, the main factors of the EP response were different under diverse loading stages. The presence of gas promoted the EP effect. When the failure of the coal occurred, EP value rapidly rose to a maximum, which could be considered as an anomalous characteristic for monitoring the stability and revealing failure of gas-bearing coal. The research results are beneficial for further investigating the damage-evolution process of gas-bearing coal. View Full-Text
Keywords: gas-bearing coal; electrical potential; charge separation; gas adsorption; damage evolution gas-bearing coal; electrical potential; charge separation; gas adsorption; damage evolution
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, Z.; Niu, Y.; Wang, E.; Liu, L.; Wang, H.; Wang, M.; Ali, M. Experimental Study on Electric Potential Response Characteristics of Gas-Bearing Coal During Deformation and Fracturing Process. Processes 2019, 7, 72.

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