Wakui et al. [25] | SOFC, PEFC | Residential | NL-Quasi steady state | RTC using MILP | 4 cases of operation | - | PEC (TCN) |

Sarabchi et al. [66] | PEMFC (HT) | - | Steady state, EES | - | √ | MO | Energy and exergy efficiencies (TCN), specific costing (ECO), MSE_{CO2} (ENV) |

Nalbant et al. [45] | PEMFC (HT) | - | Steady state, EES | - | Parameter analysis | - | Energy and exergy efficiencies (TCN), |

Luo and Fong [52] | SOFC | - | 2D dynamic | | Configurations of bottoming cycle | - | Efficiency, PI, CR (TCN) |

Löbberding and Madlener [67] | PEMFC | Residential | Steady state simulation | EO and HO operations | Economic analysis | - | NPV(ECO) and competitiveness |

Kwan et al. [46] | PEMFC-TED | - | Steady state simulation | EMS with mode decision | - | - | PEC efficiency (TCN) |

Jung et al. [53] | SOFC | Residential | TRNSYS | Thermal load following | Weather cons. and surplus elect. | - | PEC (TCN), OC & PP (ECO), CO_{2}E (ENV) |

Jin et al. [68] | PEMFC | - | Quantitative model | - | Configurations of extraction | - | COP (TCN) |

Huang et al. [69] | FC | Residential | MINLP | PLR, Scheduling | - | PSO-SQP for scheduling | COE (ECO) |

Guo et al. [40] | PEMFC (HT) | - | 1D isothermal model | - | Parametric studies | - | DL, Humidity, Heat loss, heat coefficient, |

Marcoberardino et al. [41] | PEMFC | Residential | Aspen plus | - | Different configurations and scenarios | - | ES (ECO) |

Cinti et al. [44] | SOFC | - | Cycle tempo | - | Effect of hythane as fuel | - | Efficiency, EI (TCN) |

Bachmann et al. [70] | PEMFC and SOFC | Residential | Environmental model | - | 4 Technologies of CHP | - | LCA, LCIA (ENV) |

Roshandel et al. [71] | SOFC | Residential | Steady state | √ | 4 hybrid systems | MO | LCOE (ECO), CO_{2}E (ENV) |

Romdhane et al. [72] | PEMFC | Residential | Steady state using MATLAB | Heat-led Electric-led | √ | - | EFF-PES- (TCN), CO_{2}E (ENV) |

Facci et al. [54] | PEMFC | Buildings | Dynamic, AspenPlus | Cost and PEC minimizations | 5 buildings, 5 climate conditions | - | PEC (TCN), COE-PBP (ECO) |

Yoda et al. [73] | SOFC | Residential | - | - | Real system of CHP | - | EFF-DRB (TCN), Cost reduction (ECO) |

Wakui et al. [25] | SOFC and PEFC | Residential | MILP | Scheduling using MILP, operation control under receding horizon | 4 types of fuel cell and 4 storages | - | PEC (TCN), DRN |

Baldi et al. [59] | SOFC and PEMFC | Residential | Linear model | - | - | Sizing using MILP | Efficiency (TCN), Investment cost (ECO) |

Wu et al. [27] | PAFC-TEG | - | Steady state model | - | Parametric study of T, P, m, K, c1 and c2 | - | Current and power densities, efficiency (TCN) |

Spazzafumo [74] | MCFC and SOFC | - | AspenOne | - | Evaluation of pressure composition | - | Efficiency (TCN) |

Perna et al. [75] | SOFC | - | Numerical model using AspenPlus | - | Evaluation of GT pressure and S/C | - | Power and efficiency (TCN) |

Ozawa and Kudoh [30] | PEMFC and SOFC | Residential | Linear model | OOP with MILP | Evaluation based on energy demand types | - | NPC (ECO), GHG emission (ENV) |

Herrmann et al. [32] | PEMFC | Residential | TRNSYS | - | Evaluation of CHP configurations | - | Primary energy, efficiency, usable energy (TCN), total cost (ECO), CO_{2} Emissions |

Mamaghani et al. [60] | PEMFC (HT) | - | Steady state model | - | - | MO using Pareto frontier GA | Thermal power and net power output, net electrical and thermal efficiency (TCN) |

Giarolla et al. [76] | SOFC | Industrial (WWT) | MILP model | - | Evaluation of 3 scenarios and 5 configurations of the system | OOP using GAMS and CPLEX solver | LCOE (ECO) |

Marcoberardino et al. [77] | PEMFC | Residential | Energy balance | - | Evaluation of system configuration | - | Target cost (ECO) LCA (ENV) |

Chitsaz et al. [78] | SOFC | - | Steady state using MATLAB | - | Evaluation between 2 configurations | Optimal value of design parameters (MO) | Exergy efficiency (TCN), CO_{2} gas emission (ENV) |

Budak and Devrim [79] | PEMFC (LT and HT) | - | Experimental study | - | Performance test of two PEMFC types | - | SPT (ECO) |

Asensio et al. [43] | PEMFC | - | Prediction model using ANN and 3D lookup table | - | - | - | Hydrogen flowrate and efficiency (TCN) |

Aki et al. [28] | PEFC | Residential | MILP model | EMS prediction and OOP | - | - | Energy cost (ECO), PEC (TCN), CO_{2}E (ENV) |

Wakui et al. [25] | PEFC and SOFC | Residential | MILP model | Energy demand prediction using SVR | - | OOP scheduling | Energy cost (ECO), PEC (TCN), CO_{2}E (ENV) |

Vialetto et al. [58] | SOFC | Residential and transportation | Linear model | Three operating strategies | Comparison between 3 systems | - | PES (TCN), EAC (ECO) |

Tanaka et al. [80] | SOFC | Academic institution | Linear model | On-off control | Evaluation of system configuration | - | PES (TCN) |

Mehr et al. [81] | SOFC | Industrial (WWT) | Steady state model | - | Evaluation of system configuration | - | Efficiency, ANGR (TCN) LCOE, PBT, NPV (ECO) |

Kupecki et al. [82] | SOFC | - | Aspen HYSYS and Experimental data | - | Parametric study | - | Efficiency, output power (TCN) |

Karami et al. [83] | PEMFC | Residential | Energy balance model | EMS with scheduling | - | OOP using CCA | OC (ECO) |

Hosseinpour et al. [48] | SOFC | - | EES | - | Parametric study (j, Ti, CR, εr) | OOP using DSM | Energy and exergy efficiency (TCN) |

Mejia et al. [84] | SOFC | Residential | Experimental data | - | Evaluation of 3 configuration cases | - | Grid imported, peak power (TCN), Total cost (ECO), GHG emission (ENV) |

Hajabdollahi et al. [85] | SOFC | Residential | Energy balance | - | - | OOP using MOGA | Exergy efficiency (TCN), TCR (ECO) |

Mamaghani et al. [86] | PEMFC (HT) | - | 1D steady state model | - | - | OOP using MOGA | Electrical efficiency, thermal generation, electrical power generation |

Eveloy et al. [87] | SOFC | Industrial (Desalination plant) | Aspen plus and FORTRAN | - | Evaluation of system | OOP using GA and TOPSIS | Exergy efficiency (TCN), TCR (ECO) |

Anyenya et al. [88] | SOFC | Industrial (in situ oil shale) | Aspen plus | - | Parametric study | - | Electric power, stack temperature, HE ratio, efficiency (TCN) |

Zhang et al. [89] | SOFC | - | Steady state | - | Parametric study | - | Efficiency, power density (TCN) |

Reyhani et al. [90] | SOFC | Industrial (MED) | Steady state using MATLAB | - | Evaluation of configuration | MO using GA | Exergy efficiency (TCN), ACS (ECO) |

Pohl et al. [91] | PEMFC (HT) | Residential | Linear model | Heat-driven, on-off switch | Evaluation of system performance | - | PES, Degree of coverage (TCN) |

Misra et al. [92] | FC | Residential | Steady state using HOMER | - | Evaluation of the system performance | - | NPC (ECO) |

Khani et al. [42] | SOFC | - | Steady state model using EES | - | - | OOP in MO using GA MATLAB | Exergy efficiency (TCN), SUCP (ECO) |

Khani et al. [93] | SOFC | - | Steady state model using EES | - | Evaluation of the configurations | OOP in MO using GA MATLAB | Exergy efficiency, exergy destruction (TCN), SUCP (ECO) |

Isa et al. [38] | PEMFC | Hospital | Steady state using HOMER | - | Evaluation of the configurations | Size optimization | Energy allocation (TCN) LCOE, TNPC, LCC, and salvage cost (ECO), CO_{2}E (ENV) |

Hassanzadeh et al. [55] | SOFC | Residential | Energy and exergy balance | - | Evaluation of the system configurations | MO | Power and production, exergy destruction (TCN) |

Mamaghani et al. [21] | PEMFC (HT) | - | 1D steady state model | - | Evaluation of the system conditions | OOP in MO using GA | Net electrical efficiency (TCN), TCC (ECO) |

Fong and Lee [94] | SOFC | Residential | Dynamic, TRNSYS | - | Parametric study | - | PEC (TCN), PP (ECO), CO_{2}E (ENV) |

Assaf and Shabani [95] | PEMFC | Residential | Dynamic, TRNSYS | - | Evaluation of the system configurations | Size optimization using DSM | Power and heat generation (TCN), NPC (ECO) |

Windeknecht and Tzscheutschler [96] | SOFC | Residential | SimulationX | - | Evaluation of the system configurations | - | PEC (TCN), ATC (ECO) |

Vialetto and Rokni [97] | SOFC | Residential | DNA | Electric equivalent load (EEL) | Evaluation of the system configurations | - | PES (TCN), NPV, PP (ECO) |

Ullah et al. [98] | SOFC | - | Experimental data | - | Parametric study | - | Output power and efficiency (TCN) |

Shariatzadeh et al. [99] | SOFC-SOEC | Solar chimney | Steady state | - | - | OOP and size using GA (SO) | Total cost (ECO) |

Pellegrino et al. [35] | SOFC | Residential | Linear model | Continuous, modulations, controlled output | Evaluation of the system conditions | Size optimization using direct search | PP, total retail cost (ECO) |

Napoli et al. [61] | SOFC and PEMFC | Residential | Linear model | Modulation strategies | Evaluation of the system conditions | - | PES (TCN), NPV (ECO) |

Liso et al. [100] | SOFC | Single house | Steady state | - | Evaluation based on fuel types | Tank sizing | Heat recovery (TCN) |

Kupecki et al. [101] | SOFC | - | Steady state and experimental models | - | Parametric study | - | Electrical efficiency (TCN) |

Ham et al. [102] | PEMFC | Residential | Steady state and empirical data (black box) | - | Evaluation of system performance | - | Net output power, Net heat power (TCN) |

Elmer et al. [103] | SOFC | Single home | Real experimental data | - | Eco-environmental assessment | - | CO_{2}E (ENV), Cost reduction (ECO) |

Cappa et al. [104] | PEMFC | Residential | Steady state | Thermal tracking | Evaluation of the system configurations | OOC using dynamic programming | PEC (TCN), NPV (ECO) |

Canelli et al. [105] | PEMFC | House and office | Dynamic, TRNSYS | Load sharing | Evaluation of system configurations | - | PES (TCN), Operational cost reduction (ECO), CO_{2}eq (ENV) |

Borji et al. [106] | SOFC | - | 1D model | - | Parametric study | OOP using NSGA | Output power and efficiency (TCN) |

Arsalis et al. [107] | PEMFC | Residential | 1D model | - | Evaluation of system configurations | OOP and size using EES | System efficiency (TCN) LCC (ECO) |

Antonucci et al. [108] | SOFC | Residential | Steady state and experimental data | Thermal standby and electric standby | Evaluation of system configurations | - | PES (TCN), Specific costs (ECO) |

Akikur et al. [39] | RSOFC | Single house | Steady state | PV-SOSE, SOFC and PV-SOFC modes | Evaluation of system configurations | Sizing using DSM | Efficiency (TCN) COE, PP (ECO), CO_{2}E (ENV) |