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Article

Evaluation of Municipal Solid Wastes Based Energy Potential in Urban Pakistan

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Department of Applied Sciences, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre, Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research & Innovation) Office, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Khalid University, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(11), 848; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110848
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 28 October 2019 / Accepted: 31 October 2019 / Published: 12 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Processing and Conversion Systems)
Solid waste management needs re-evaluating in developing countries like Pakistan, which currently employs landfilling as a first option. Over time, increasing population will result in decreasing space for landfill sites, ultimately increasing the cost of landfilling, while increasing accumulated waste will cause pollution. Locating and preparing a sanitary landfill includes the securing of large sectors and also everyday activity with the end goal to limit potential negative impacts. Energy production from municipal solid waste (MSW) is a perceptive idea for large cities, such as Karachi, as waste, which is an undesirable output that adds to land and air pollution, is transformed into a vital source of energy. The current study strives to provide a destination to solid waste by evaluating the energy potential that waste provides for power generation by the process of incineration. A sustainable energy generation plant based on the Rankine cycle is proposed. This study evaluates the various landfill sites in the case study area to determine their sustainability for a waste to energy (WtE) plant. The implementation of the proposed plant will not only provide an ultimate destination to waste but also generate 121.9 MW electricity at 25% plant efficiency. Thus, the generated electricity can be used to run a WtE plant and meet the energy requirements of the residents. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy generation; waste management; alternative solid fuel; incineration; municipal solid waste management; solid waste to energy energy generation; waste management; alternative solid fuel; incineration; municipal solid waste management; solid waste to energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Siddiqi, M.M.; Naseer, M.N.; Abdul Wahab, Y.; Hamizi, N.A.; Badruddin, I.A.; Chowdhury, Z.Z.; Akbarzadeh, O.; Johan, M.R.; Khan, T.M.Y.; Kamangar, S. Evaluation of Municipal Solid Wastes Based Energy Potential in Urban Pakistan. Processes 2019, 7, 848. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110848

AMA Style

Siddiqi MM, Naseer MN, Abdul Wahab Y, Hamizi NA, Badruddin IA, Chowdhury ZZ, Akbarzadeh O, Johan MR, Khan TMY, Kamangar S. Evaluation of Municipal Solid Wastes Based Energy Potential in Urban Pakistan. Processes. 2019; 7(11):848. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110848

Chicago/Turabian Style

Siddiqi, Muhammad M., Muhammad N. Naseer, Yasmin Abdul Wahab, Nor A. Hamizi, Irfan A. Badruddin, Zaira Z. Chowdhury, Omid Akbarzadeh, Mohd R. Johan, T. M.Y. Khan, and Sarfaraz Kamangar. 2019. "Evaluation of Municipal Solid Wastes Based Energy Potential in Urban Pakistan" Processes 7, no. 11: 848. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110848

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