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Processes 2018, 6(6), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6060065

An Optimization Scheme for Water Pump Control in Smart Fish Farm with Efficient Energy Consumption

Computer Engineering Department, Jeju National University, Jeju-si 63243, Korea
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Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 16 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
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Abstract

Healthy fish production requires intensive care and ensuring stable and healthy production environment inside the farm tank is a challenging task. An Internet of Things (IoT) based automated system is highly desirable that can continuously monitor the fish tanks with optimal resources utilization. Significant cost reduction can be achieved if farm equipment and water pumps are operated only when required using optimization schemes. In this paper, we present a general system design for smart fish farms. We have developed an optimization scheme for water pump control to maintain desired water level in fish tank with efficient energy consumption through appropriate selection of pumping flow rate and tank filling level. Proposed optimization scheme attempts to achieve a trade-off between pumping duration and flow rate through selection of optimized water level. Kalman filter algorithm is applied to remove error in sensor readings. We observed through simulation results that optimization scheme achieve significant reduction in energy consumption as compared to the two alternate schemes, i.e., pumping with maximum and minimum flow rates. Proposed system can help in collecting the data about the farm for long-term analysis and better decision making in future for efficient resource utilization and overall profit maximization. View Full-Text
Keywords: IoT; fish farm; optimization; Kalman filter; energy efficiency IoT; fish farm; optimization; Kalman filter; energy efficiency
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ullah, I.; Kim, D. An Optimization Scheme for Water Pump Control in Smart Fish Farm with Efficient Energy Consumption. Processes 2018, 6, 65.

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