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Erratum: Subjective Family Socioeconomic Status and Adolescents’ Attention: Blacks’ Diminished Returns. Children 2020, 7, 80
Open AccessArticle

Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy in Children: Clinical Perspectives on a Common Comorbidity

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Unit of Clinical Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, AOU "Policlinico", PO "G. Rodolico", University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Postgraduate Training Program in Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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NESMOS Department of Pediatrics, Sapienza University of Rome, Sant’Andrea University Hospital, 00161 Rome, Italy
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Department of Pediatrics, University of Perugia, 06132 Perugia, Italy
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Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Neonatal COVID-19 Center, AOU “Policlinico”, PO San Marco, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Dipartimento Materno Infantile e di Scienze Urologiche, Sapienza Università di Roma, UOC di Pediatria, Neonatologia, Ospedale Santa Maria Goretti, Polo di Latina, 04010 Latina, Italy
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Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, University Hospital “G. Rodolico” of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Child Neurology Division, Department of Pediatrics, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
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Unit of Rare Diseases of the Nervous System in Childhood, Department of Clinical and experimental Medicine, Section of Pediatrics and Child Neuropsychiatry, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Children 2021, 8(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010016
Received: 25 November 2020 / Revised: 26 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a frequent cause of childhood disability often associated with a complex group of disorders, including epilepsy, which is reported to impact approximately 40% of affected individuals. This retrospective study involved a group of children affected by CP, some of whom also had comorbid epilepsy. The aim of this study was to report our experience of analyzing, in particular, (a) some of the clinical aspects of the different type of CP, and (b) the relationship between the clinical data of children affected by CP plus epilepsy and each type of CP. Methods: This retrospective single-center study was performed with 93 children admitted to the Pediatric Department of the University of Catania, Italy, affected by CP and distinguished according to the type of motor clinical presentation, with 46 showing epileptic seizures, compared to a control group of 136 children affected by epilepsy without other neurologic disorders. Results: Among the 93 CP children, 25 (27%) had spastic quadriplegia (plus one patient with dystonic quadriplegia), 39 (42%) had spastic hemiplegia, 11 (12%) had spastic diplegia (plus two with ataxia and one with dyskinetic CP), and 14 (15%) did not have a well-defined type of CP. The frequency of epilepsy was higher in affected CP children who showed major motor dysfunction (GMFCS IV–V types). As regards the 46 children with CP plus epilepsy, compared to the group of the control, the age of epilepsy onset was found to be statistically significant: 21 ± 35.1 months vs. 67 ± 39.7. Conclusions: Epilepsy represents one of the most frequent comorbidities of cerebral palsy. In children with CP, particular attention should be paid to the early identification and treatment of comorbid epilepsy. View Full-Text
Keywords: cerebral palsy; quadriplegia; hemiplegia; epilepsy; seizures cerebral palsy; quadriplegia; hemiplegia; epilepsy; seizures
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pavone, P.; Gulizia, C.; Le Pira, A.; Greco, F.; Parisi, P.; Di Cara, G.; Falsaperla, R.; Lubrano, R.; Minardi, C.; Spalice, A.; Ruggieri, M. Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy in Children: Clinical Perspectives on a Common Comorbidity. Children 2021, 8, 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010016

AMA Style

Pavone P, Gulizia C, Le Pira A, Greco F, Parisi P, Di Cara G, Falsaperla R, Lubrano R, Minardi C, Spalice A, Ruggieri M. Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy in Children: Clinical Perspectives on a Common Comorbidity. Children. 2021; 8(1):16. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pavone, Piero; Gulizia, Carmela; Le Pira, Alice; Greco, Filippo; Parisi, Pasquale; Di Cara, Giuseppe; Falsaperla, Raffaele; Lubrano, Riccardo; Minardi, Carmelo; Spalice, Alberto; Ruggieri, Martino. 2021. "Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy in Children: Clinical Perspectives on a Common Comorbidity" Children 8, no. 1: 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8010016

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