Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Acupuncture for Pediatric Pain
Previous Article in Journal
Nutritional Counseling in Survivors of Childhood Cancer: An Essential Component of Survivorship Care
Previous Article in Special Issue
Clinical Hypnosis with Children and Adolescents—What? Why? How?: Origins, Applications, and Efficacy
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Children 2014, 1(2), 119-133;

Integrative Treatment of Reflux and Functional Dyspepsia in Children

Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, 750 Welch Road, Suite 116, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Department of Anesthesiology, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Dr. Stanford, CA 94304, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 June 2014 / Revised: 24 July 2014 / Accepted: 29 July 2014 / Published: 18 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Integrative Medicine: An Emerging Field of Pediatrics)
Full-Text   |   PDF [236 KB, uploaded 18 August 2014]


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and functional dyspepsia (FD) are common problems in the pediatric population, with up to 7% of school-age children and up to 8% of adolescents suffering from epigastric pain, heartburn, and regurgitation. Reflux is defined as the passage of stomach contents into the esophagus, while GERD refers to reflux symptoms that are associated with symptoms or complications—such as pain, asthma, aspiration pneumonia, or chronic cough. FD, as defined by the Rome III classification, is a persistent upper abdominal pain or discomfort, not related to bowel movements, and without any organic cause, that is present for at least two months prior to diagnosis. Endoscopic examination is typically negative in FD, whereas patients with GERD may have evidence of esophagitis or gastritis either grossly or microscopically. Up to 70% of children with dyspepsia exhibit delayed gastric emptying. Treatment of GERD and FD requires an integrative approach that may include pharmacologic therapy, treating concurrent constipation, botanicals, mind body techniques, improving sleep hygiene, increasing physical activity, and traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture. View Full-Text
Keywords: reflux; dyspepsia; pediatric; integrative medicine; acupuncture; GERD reflux; dyspepsia; pediatric; integrative medicine; acupuncture; GERD
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yeh, A.M.; Golianu, B. Integrative Treatment of Reflux and Functional Dyspepsia in Children. Children 2014, 1, 119-133.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Children EISSN 2227-9067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top