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Anthocyanins, Vibrant Color Pigments, and Their Role in Skin Cancer Prevention

1
Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Institute of Life Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Calea Mănăştur 3-5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3
Faculty of Physics, Babeș-Bolyai University, Kogalniceanu 1, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4
Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, University of Macau, Taipa, Macau 999078, China
5
International Research Center for Food Nutrition and Safety, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
6
Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Department of Marine Technology Engineering, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17100 Canakkale, Turkey
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Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, 2 Eftimie Murgu Sq., 300041 Timisoara, Romania
8
Department of Food Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17020 Canakkale, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Biomedicines 2020, 8(9), 336; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8090336
Received: 31 July 2020 / Revised: 24 August 2020 / Accepted: 25 August 2020 / Published: 9 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diabetes and Cancers)
Until today, numerous studies evaluated the topic of anthocyanins and various types of cancer, regarding the anthocyanins’ preventative and inhibitory effects, underlying molecular mechanisms, and such. However, there is no targeted review available regarding the anticarcinogenic effects of dietary anthocyanins on skin cancers. If diagnosed at the early stages, the survival rate of skin cancer is quite high. Nevertheless, the metastatic form has a short prognosis. In fact, the incidence of melanoma skin cancer, the type with high mortality, has increased exponentially over the last 30 years, causing the majority of skin cancer deaths. Malignant melanoma is considered a highly destructive type of skin cancer due to its particular capacity to grow and spread faster than any other type of cancers. Plants, in general, have been used in disease treatment for a long time, and medicinal plants are commonly a part of anticancer drugs on the market. Accordingly, this work primarily aims to emphasize the most recent improvements on the anticarcinogenic effects of anthocyanins from different plant sources, with an in-depth emphasis on melanoma skin cancer. We also briefly summarized the anthocyanin chemistry, their rich dietary sources in flowers, fruits, and vegetables, as well as their associated potential health benefits. Additionally, the importance of anthocyanins in topical applications such as their use in cosmetics is also given. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthocyanins; cancer; dietary source; in vitro; melanoma; skin anthocyanins; cancer; dietary source; in vitro; melanoma; skin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Diaconeasa, Z.; Știrbu, I.; Xiao, J.; Leopold, N.; Ayvaz, Z.; Danciu, C.; Ayvaz, H.; Stǎnilǎ, A.; Nistor, M.; Socaciu, C. Anthocyanins, Vibrant Color Pigments, and Their Role in Skin Cancer Prevention. Biomedicines 2020, 8, 336. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8090336

AMA Style

Diaconeasa Z, Știrbu I, Xiao J, Leopold N, Ayvaz Z, Danciu C, Ayvaz H, Stǎnilǎ A, Nistor M, Socaciu C. Anthocyanins, Vibrant Color Pigments, and Their Role in Skin Cancer Prevention. Biomedicines. 2020; 8(9):336. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8090336

Chicago/Turabian Style

Diaconeasa, Zorița, Ioana Știrbu, Jianbo Xiao, Nicolae Leopold, Zayde Ayvaz, Corina Danciu, Huseyin Ayvaz, Andreea Stǎnilǎ, Mǎdǎlina Nistor, and Carmen Socaciu. 2020. "Anthocyanins, Vibrant Color Pigments, and Their Role in Skin Cancer Prevention" Biomedicines 8, no. 9: 336. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8090336

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