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Endothelial Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2 as a Target to Maintain Vascular Wellness and Function in Ageing

1
Department of Life Sciences, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy
2
Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomedicines 2020, 8(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8010004
Received: 9 December 2019 / Revised: 28 December 2019 / Accepted: 31 December 2019 / Published: 3 January 2020
Endothelial cells are the main determinants of vascular function, since their dysfunction in response to a series of cardiovascular risk factors is responsible for disease progression and further consequences. Endothelial dysfunction, if not resolved, further aggravates the oxidative status and vessel wall inflammation, thus igniting a vicious cycle. We have furthermore to consider the physiological manifestation of vascular dysfunction and chronic low-grade inflammation during ageing, also known as inflammageing. Based on these considerations, knowledge of the molecular mechanism(s) responsible for endothelial loss-of-function can be pivotal to identify novel targets of intervention with the aim of maintaining endothelial wellness and vessel trophism and function. In this review we have examined the role of the detoxifying enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) in the maintenance of endothelial function. Its impairment indeed is associated with oxidative stress and ageing, and in the development of atherosclerosis and neurodegenerative diseases. Strategies to improve its expression and activity may be beneficial in these largely diffused disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: endothelial cells; oxidative stress; inflammageing; endothelial dysfunction; aldehyde dehydrogenase-2; cardiovascular disease; neurovascular disease endothelial cells; oxidative stress; inflammageing; endothelial dysfunction; aldehyde dehydrogenase-2; cardiovascular disease; neurovascular disease
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nannelli, G.; Ziche, M.; Donnini, S.; Morbidelli, L. Endothelial Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2 as a Target to Maintain Vascular Wellness and Function in Ageing. Biomedicines 2020, 8, 4.

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