The Role of Photodynamic Therapy in the Treatment of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia
AbstractBackground: vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia is a non-invasive precursor lesion found in 50–70% of patients affected by vulvar squamous cell carcinoma. In the past, radical surgery was the standard treatment for vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, however, considering the psychological and physical morbidities related to extensive surgery, several less aggressive treatment modalities have been proposed since the late 1970s. Photodynamic therapy is an effective and safe treatment for cutaneous non-melanoma skin cancer, with favorable cosmetic outcomes. Methods: in the present paper, the results of selected studies on photodynamic therapy in the treatment of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia are reported and discussed. Results: Overall, complete histological response rates ranged between 20% and 67% and symptom response rates ranged between 52% and 89% according to different studies and case series. Conclusions: the real benefit of photodynamic therapy in the setting of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia lies in its ability to treat multi-focal disease with minimal tissue destruction, preservation of vulvar anatomy and excellent cosmetic outcomes. These properties explain why photodynamic therapy is an attractive option for vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia treatment. View Full-Text
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Tosti, G.; Iacobone, A.D.; Preti, E.P.; Vaccari, S.; Barisani, A.; Pennacchioli, E.; Cantisani, C. The Role of Photodynamic Therapy in the Treatment of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia. Biomedicines 2018, 6, 13.
Tosti G, Iacobone AD, Preti EP, Vaccari S, Barisani A, Pennacchioli E, Cantisani C. The Role of Photodynamic Therapy in the Treatment of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia. Biomedicines. 2018; 6(1):13.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tosti, Giulio; Iacobone, Anna D.; Preti, Eleonora P.; Vaccari, Sabina; Barisani, Alessia; Pennacchioli, Elisabetta; Cantisani, Carmen. 2018. "The Role of Photodynamic Therapy in the Treatment of Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia." Biomedicines 6, no. 1: 13.
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