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Human MAP Tau Based Targeted Cytolytic Fusion Proteins

1
South African Research Chair in Cancer Biotechnology, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), Department of Integrative Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Kapstadt 7700, South Africa
2
Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, 52074 Aachen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Biomedicines 2017, 5(3), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines5030036
Received: 21 April 2017 / Revised: 18 June 2017 / Accepted: 22 June 2017 / Published: 27 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Targeted Human Cytolytic Fusion Proteins)
Some of the most promising small molecule toxins used to generate antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) include anti-mitotic agents (e.g., auristatin and its derivatives) which are designed to attack cancerous cells at their most vulnerable state during mitosis. We were interested in identifying a human cystostatic protein eventually showing comparable activities and allowing the generation of corresponding targeted fully human cytolytic fusion proteins. Recently, we identified the human microtubule associated protein tau (MAP tau), which binds specifically to tubulin and modulates the stability of microtubules, thereby blocking mitosis and presumably vesicular transport. By binding and stabilizing polymerized microtubule filaments, MAP tau-based fusion proteins skew microtubule dynamics towards cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. This biological activity makes rapidly proliferating cells (e.g., cancer and inflammatory cells) an excellent target for MAP tau-based targeted treatments. Their superior selectivity for proliferating cells confers additional selectivity towards upregulated tumor-associated antigens at their surface, thereby preventing off-target related toxicity against normal cells bearing tumor-associated antigens at physiologically normal to low levels. In this review, we highlight recent findings on MAP tau-based targeted cytolytic fusion proteins reported in preclinical immunotherapeutic studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: human cytolytic fusion proteins; immunotherapy; microtubule associated protein tau (MAP); cancer; inflammatory diseases human cytolytic fusion proteins; immunotherapy; microtubule associated protein tau (MAP); cancer; inflammatory diseases
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Akinrinmade, O.A.; Jordaan, S.; Hristodorov, D.; Mladenov, R.; Mungra, N.; Chetty, S.; Barth, S. Human MAP Tau Based Targeted Cytolytic Fusion Proteins. Biomedicines 2017, 5, 36.

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