HGF/Met Axis in Heart Function and Cardioprotection
AbstractHepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its tyrosine kinase receptor (Met) play important roles in myocardial function both in physiological and pathological situations. In the developing heart, HGF influences cardiomyocyte proliferation and differentiation. In the adult, HGF/Met signaling controls heart homeostasis and prevents oxidative stress in normal cardiomyocytes. Thus, the possible cardiotoxicity of current Met-targeted anti-cancer therapies has to be taken in consideration. In the injured heart, HGF plays important roles in cardioprotection by promoting: (1) prosurvival (anti-apoptotic and anti-autophagic) effects in cardiomyocytes, (2) angiogenesis, (3) inhibition of fibrosis, (4) anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory signals, and (5) regeneration through activation of cardiac stem cells. Furthermore, we discuss the putative role of elevated HGF as prognostic marker of severity in patients with cardiac diseases. Finally, we examine the potential of HGF-based molecules as new therapeutic tools for the treatment of cardiac diseases. View Full-Text
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Gallo, S.; Sala, V.; Gatti, S.; Crepaldi, T. HGF/Met Axis in Heart Function and Cardioprotection. Biomedicines 2014, 2, 247-262.
Gallo S, Sala V, Gatti S, Crepaldi T. HGF/Met Axis in Heart Function and Cardioprotection. Biomedicines. 2014; 2(4):247-262.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gallo, Simona; Sala, Valentina; Gatti, Stefano; Crepaldi, Tiziana. 2014. "HGF/Met Axis in Heart Function and Cardioprotection." Biomedicines 2, no. 4: 247-262.