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Article

Optimized 3D Finite-Difference-Time-Domain Algorithm to Model the Plasmonic Properties of Metal Nanoparticles with Near-Unity Accuracy

Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Museum Building, Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin, D02 PN40 Dublin, Ireland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Arcady Zhukov, Tatiana Perova and Valentina Zhukova
Chemosensors 2021, 9(5), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors9050114
Received: 8 April 2021 / Revised: 9 May 2021 / Accepted: 18 May 2021 / Published: 20 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Materials, Technologies, and Sensors)
The finite difference time domain (FDTD) method is a grid-based, robust, and straightforward method to model the optical properties of metal nanoparticles (MNPs). Modelling accuracy and optical properties can be enhanced by increasing FDTD grid resolution; however, the resolution of the grid size is limited by the memory and computational requirements. In this paper, a 3D optimized FDTD (OFDTD) was designed and developed, which introduced new FDTD approximation terms based on the physical events occurring during the plasmonic oscillations in MNP. The proposed method not only required ~52% less memory than conventional FDTD, but also reduced the calculation requirements by ~9%. The 3D OFDTD method was used to model and obtain the extinction spectrum, localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) frequency, and the electric field enhancement factor (EF) for spherical silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs). The model’s predicted results were compared with traditional FDTD as well as experimental results to validate the model. The OFDTD results were found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental results. The EF accuracy was improved by 74% with respect to FDTD simulation, which helped reaching a near-unity OFDTD accuracy of ~99%. The λLSPR discrepancy reduced from 20 nm to 3 nm. The EF peak position discrepancy improved from ±5.5 nm to only ±0.5 nm. View Full-Text
Keywords: finite difference time domain; silver nanoparticles; extinction; enhancement; plasmonic finite difference time domain; silver nanoparticles; extinction; enhancement; plasmonic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rafiee, M.; Chandra, S.; Ahmed, H.; McCormack, S.J. Optimized 3D Finite-Difference-Time-Domain Algorithm to Model the Plasmonic Properties of Metal Nanoparticles with Near-Unity Accuracy. Chemosensors 2021, 9, 114. https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors9050114

AMA Style

Rafiee M, Chandra S, Ahmed H, McCormack SJ. Optimized 3D Finite-Difference-Time-Domain Algorithm to Model the Plasmonic Properties of Metal Nanoparticles with Near-Unity Accuracy. Chemosensors. 2021; 9(5):114. https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors9050114

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rafiee, Mehran, Subhash Chandra, Hind Ahmed, and Sarah J. McCormack. 2021. "Optimized 3D Finite-Difference-Time-Domain Algorithm to Model the Plasmonic Properties of Metal Nanoparticles with Near-Unity Accuracy" Chemosensors 9, no. 5: 114. https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors9050114

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