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Enzymes as Tools in MIP-Sensors

1
Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
2
Faculty of Science, Molecular Biotechnology, Turkish-German University, Sahinkaya Cad. 86, 34820 Beykoz, Istanbul, Turkey
3
Université de Technologie de Compiègne, Sorbonne Universités, CS60319, 60203 Compiègne, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Peter Lieberzeit
Chemosensors 2017, 5(2), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors5020011
Received: 24 December 2016 / Revised: 17 March 2017 / Accepted: 20 March 2017 / Published: 26 March 2017
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) have the potential to complement antibodies in bioanalysis, are more stable under harsh conditions, and are potentially cheaper to produce. However, the affinity and especially the selectivity of MIPs are in general lower than those of their biological pendants. Enzymes are useful tools for the preparation of MIPs for both low and high-molecular weight targets: As a green alternative to the well-established methods of chemical polymerization, enzyme-initiated polymerization has been introduced and the removal of protein templates by proteases has been successfully applied. Furthermore, MIPs have been coupled with enzymes in order to enhance the analytical performance of biomimetic sensors: Enzymes have been used in MIP-sensors as “tracers” for the generation and amplification of the measuring signal. In addition, enzymatic pretreatment of an analyte can extend the analyte spectrum and eliminate interferences. View Full-Text
Keywords: enzymatic MIP synthesis; template digestion; enzyme tracer; enzymatic analyte conversion; molecularly imprinted polymers enzymatic MIP synthesis; template digestion; enzyme tracer; enzymatic analyte conversion; molecularly imprinted polymers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yarman, A.; Jetzschmann, K.J.; Neumann, B.; Zhang, X.; Wollenberger, U.; Cordin, A.; Haupt, K.; Scheller, F.W. Enzymes as Tools in MIP-Sensors. Chemosensors 2017, 5, 11.

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