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Article

Foodborne Botulism in Western Romania: Ten Years’ Experience at a Tertiary Infectious Disease Hospital

1
Methodological and Infectious Diseases Research Center, Department of Infectious Diseases, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
2
Department of Gynecology, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wayne R. Lawrence, Kaydian Reid, Ziqiang Lin and Wangjian Zhang
Healthcare 2021, 9(9), 1149; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9091149
Received: 20 July 2021 / Revised: 26 August 2021 / Accepted: 1 September 2021 / Published: 2 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Public Health 2.0)
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze epidemiological data concerning foodborne botulism in Western Romania over the last decade. Botulism, the toxin formed by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, results in a neuroparalytic disorder capable of severe clinical progression that begins in the cranial nerves and progressively descends. Preventing progression to a severe case entails timely diagnosis since curative assets are restricted. Ingesting food containing a preformed toxin (foodborne botulism) is the most typical form. Methods: Medical records were retrospectively analyzed from 2010 to 2020 for all food botulism cases. A seroneutralization test was performed with type A, B and E anti-botulinum sera to establish the kind of toxin involved. Results: Overall, 18 cases of foodborne botulism were admitted to the hospital during this period and confirmed by laboratory analysis. Most of the participants in our study were men (61.1%), and 77.8% of the total lived in rural areas. All the participants showed classic symptoms of botulism, and dysphagia was present in all cases. The trivalent ABE antitoxin was administered by the hospital, and toxin type B was isolated in all patients. The main sources of the toxin were pork, ham and canned pork meat. Conclusions: Stronger efforts are needed to foster community awareness of foodborne botulism, particularly in home-preserved food. View Full-Text
Keywords: botulism; botulinum neurotoxin; foodborne botulism; food poisoning botulism; botulinum neurotoxin; foodborne botulism; food poisoning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marincu, I.; Bratosin, F.; Vidican, I.; Cerbu, B.; Suciu, O.; Turaiche, M.; Tirnea, L.; Timircan, M. Foodborne Botulism in Western Romania: Ten Years’ Experience at a Tertiary Infectious Disease Hospital. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1149. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9091149

AMA Style

Marincu I, Bratosin F, Vidican I, Cerbu B, Suciu O, Turaiche M, Tirnea L, Timircan M. Foodborne Botulism in Western Romania: Ten Years’ Experience at a Tertiary Infectious Disease Hospital. Healthcare. 2021; 9(9):1149. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9091149

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marincu, Iosif, Felix Bratosin, Iulia Vidican, Bianca Cerbu, Oana Suciu, Mirela Turaiche, Livius Tirnea, and Madalina Timircan. 2021. "Foodborne Botulism in Western Romania: Ten Years’ Experience at a Tertiary Infectious Disease Hospital" Healthcare 9, no. 9: 1149. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9091149

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