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Article

Fluctuations in Well-Being Based on Position in Elite Young Soccer Players during a Full Season

1
Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Granada, 18010 Granada, Spain
2
Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-7344, Iran
3
HEME Research Group, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
4
Sports Scientist, Sepahan Football Club, Isfahan 81887-78473, Iran
5
Department of Biological Sciences in Sport and Health, Faculty of Sports Sciences and Health, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran 1983963113, Iran
6
Health Sciences Faculty, Universidad San Jorge, Autov A23 km 299, 50830 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Parisi Attilio
Healthcare 2021, 9(5), 586; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050586
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 9 May 2021 / Accepted: 13 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport and Exercise Medicine)
The current study surveyed weekly and daily variations of well-being ratings relative to the Hooper Index (HI): fatigue (wFatigue), stress (wStress), delayed onset muscle soreness (wDOMS), and sleep quality (wSleep) during a soccer season based on players’ positions. The full-season was divided into three meso-cycles: Early season, week (W)1 to W7; Mid-season, W8 to W13, and End-season, W14 to W20. Twenty-six young players participated in the study (age, 15.5 ± 0.2 years; height, 172.9 ± 4.2 cm; body mass, 61.4 ± 5.6 kg; body fat, 8.6 ± 2.9%; VO2max, 48.4 ± 2.4 mL.kg−1·min−1; maturity offset, 1.9 ± 0.3 years). Participants played in the same team and competed in Iran national under-16 competitions. Well-being status was monitored on training days using the HI questionnaire. The main result was a significant difference between well-being status 5 days before match day (MD) and 4 days before MD, compared to MD for all playing positions (p ≤ 0.001). The highest and lowest records occurred during End-season for wDOMS (strikers = 11.5 ± 8.4 arbitrary units (AU)), Early season (central defenders = 9.5 ± 0.7 AU) and for wFatigue (central midfielders = 11.4 ± 0.9 AU), and Early season (wide defenders = 9.7 ± 0.7 AU), respectively. Overall, the results showed a significant increase in wStress and wSleep for all players’ positions from Early- to End-season. The main application of this study is to make coaches aware of their players’ well-being fluctuations throughout the full season, especially in young elite soccer players, and to avoid injuries, overtraining, and overreaching as much as possible. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-functional overreaching; DOMS; fatigue; performance; monitoring non-functional overreaching; DOMS; fatigue; performance; monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nobari, H.; Fani, M.; Pardos-Mainer, E.; Pérez-Gómez, J. Fluctuations in Well-Being Based on Position in Elite Young Soccer Players during a Full Season. Healthcare 2021, 9, 586. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050586

AMA Style

Nobari H, Fani M, Pardos-Mainer E, Pérez-Gómez J. Fluctuations in Well-Being Based on Position in Elite Young Soccer Players during a Full Season. Healthcare. 2021; 9(5):586. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050586

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nobari, Hadi, Maryam Fani, Elena Pardos-Mainer, and Jorge Pérez-Gómez. 2021. "Fluctuations in Well-Being Based on Position in Elite Young Soccer Players during a Full Season" Healthcare 9, no. 5: 586. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9050586

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