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Article

Individual Determinants of Rest-Break Behavior in Occupational Settings

1
Center for Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Medical University of Vienna, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, D-01099 Dresden, Germany
3
Center for Public Health, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Medical University Vienna, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adem Sav
Healthcare 2021, 9(10), 1330; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101330
Received: 28 June 2021 / Revised: 28 September 2021 / Accepted: 1 October 2021 / Published: 6 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psycho-Social Factors of Workplace Health and Safety)
Aims: Work breaks improve well-being, productivity, and health. The aim of this study was to investigate the individual determinants of rest-break behavior during work using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Methods: The association between attitude, control, and subjective norm and rest-break intention (i.e., taking rest breaks regularly), and rest-break behavior (average number of rest breaks/workhour) was analyzed with stepwise linear regression in a cross-sectional design. The study participants included 109 clerical employees, and 215 nurses. Results: Attitude and control were positively associated with rest-break intention. Intention and control were positively associated with rest-break behavior. The effect of intention was moderated by occupation, with intention being more weakly associated with rest-break behavior in nurses who had less behavioral control. Conclusions: Job control is the major predictor of rest-break behavior, with attitudes playing a minor role, and social norm playing no role. To increase rest-break behavior, a greater extent of job control is necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: theory of planned behavior; rest breaks; rest-break behavior; attitude; subjective norm; behavioral intention; job control theory of planned behavior; rest breaks; rest-break behavior; attitude; subjective norm; behavioral intention; job control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Blasche, G.; Wendsche, J.; Tschulik, T.; Schoberberger, R.; Weitensfelder, L. Individual Determinants of Rest-Break Behavior in Occupational Settings. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1330. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101330

AMA Style

Blasche G, Wendsche J, Tschulik T, Schoberberger R, Weitensfelder L. Individual Determinants of Rest-Break Behavior in Occupational Settings. Healthcare. 2021; 9(10):1330. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101330

Chicago/Turabian Style

Blasche, Gerhard, Johannes Wendsche, Theresa Tschulik, Rudolf Schoberberger, and Lisbeth Weitensfelder. 2021. "Individual Determinants of Rest-Break Behavior in Occupational Settings" Healthcare 9, no. 10: 1330. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9101330

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